African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Table of Content: 20 May, 2015; 9(20)

May 2015

Integrated disease management strategy of common rust of maize incited by Puccinia sorghi Schw.

Common rust incited by Puccinia sorghi Schw. is the most destructive fungal foliar disease of maize worldwide. It is reported that common rust diseases can greatly reduce grain yield of maize in susceptible genotypes by 40% on an average. Foliar disease management in maize often involves indiscriminate use of chemicals or total reliance on host plant resistance (HPR). Integrated disease management (IDM) have clearly...

Author(s): Utpal Dey, S. I. Harlapur, D. N. Dhutraj, A. P. Suryawanshi and Ritika Bhattacharjee

May 2015

Host and tissue preferences of Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens for endophytic colonization

Enterobacter and Bacillus are common endophytes in many plants. Endophytic Enterobacter cloacae 344 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 629 from cacao had their colonization patterns assessed in different plants and organs. The 344’s colonization in all plants was ~12x higher than those observed for 629. CFU countings were 16 and 3 times lower for 344 and 629, respectively, in non-sterile than in sterile conditions....

Author(s): Zayda Piedad Morales Moreira, Elizabeth Amélia Alves Duarte, Thiago Alves Santos de Oliveira, Fernando Pereira Monteiro, Leandro Lopes Loguercio and Jorge Teodoro de Souza

May 2015

Physicochemical, microbiological and heavy metal studies on water samples and bacteria obtained from Dandaru River in Ibadan, South-western Nigeri

The physicochemical, microbiological and heavy metal studies of water samples and bacteria obtained from the Dandaru River were investigated. Water samples were collected from six different sampling points along the course of the river and analysed using standard procedures. The physicochemical parameters showed that the water samples at point 5 had the highest value for all the parameters except Total Dissolved Solids....

Author(s): Adekanmbi, Abimbola Olumide and Falodun, Olutayo Israel

May 2015

Retrospective studies on the prevalence of uropathogens in Sokoto metropolis

This retrospective study was conducted at Specialist Hospital Sokoto, Sokoto State to outline the causative agents associated with urinary tract infections (UTIs) and to compare the prevalence of UTI among sexes and age groups. The cases seen between November, 2013 and October, 2014 were included in the study. Total number of patients in the study was 1,120 (589 male and 631 female). Total number of patients with...

Author(s): Tanko Nuhu

May 2015

Comparative plant growth promoting potential of psychrotolerant diazotrophs, Pseudomonas sp. JJS2 and Enterobacter sp. AAB8 against native Cajanus cajan (L.) and Eleusine coracana (L.)

Two Himalayan diazotrophs, Pseudomonas sp. JJS2 and Enterobacter sp. AAB8 were examined for their plant growth promoting properties against the native crops, Cajanus cajan and Eleusine coracana. Pseudomonas sp. JJS2 was found to be more effective for C. cajan, whereas Enterobacter sp. AAB8 showed better plant growth promotion in E. coracana. The inoculation of JJS2 significantly (p<0.05) increased the fresh weight...

Author(s): Anjana Shukla, Nikita Dhauni, Deep Chandra Suyal, Saurabh Kumar and Reeta Goel

May 2015

Effects of initial inoculums levels of Meloidogyne incognita J2 on development and growth of Tomato cv. PT-3 under control conditions

Lycopersicon esculentum is a widely grown vegetable crops throughout the world and it is highly affected by root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.); globally more than 27% yield losses in tomato is due to their infections. As the inoculums level increases, the absorption, translocation and photosynthesis rate decreases in the host plants; it means damage caused by nematodes is directly proportional to the number of...

Author(s): Ishwar Prakash Sharma and A. K. Sharma

May 2015

Phytochemical analysis and antibacterial efficacy of Amaranthus tricolor (L) methanolic leaf extract against clinical isolates of urinary tract pathogens

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common form of bacterial infections, affecting people throughout their lifespan. The present study was designed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Amaranthus tricolor leaf extract and its phytoconstituents against clinical isolates of urinary tract infections. In the present study, the leaf extract of A. tricolor was prepared by cold maceration using methanol. The...

Author(s): Sowjanya Pulipati, Srinivasa Babu P. and Lakshmi Narasu M.

May 2015

Hepatitis C virus pathogenesis: Serum IL-33 level indicates liver damage

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major causes of chronic liver disease in the world. Majority of infected individuals are unable to clear the virus and as consequence of infection, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma can be developed in later stages. Immune system cells secrete cytokines which play a crucial role in intercellular communication system responsible for immune response. Interleukine-33 (IL-33) is a...

Author(s): Wael Abdel Halim Hegazy and Mohamed Abdelrahman Henawy