African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Table of Content: 28 August, 2016; 10(32)

August 2016

Fusarium spp. and fumonisin in feed for equine and its importance for occurrence of leukoencephalomalacia

In the animal feed industry, an ever growing increase in quality has been observed, but the main feature of a food is related to its security because the contamination poses a risk to animal health. The problems caused by fungal colonization is the significant loss of food quality, because even those who do not produce mycotoxins cause losses in the nutritional quality. Researches show that the most important Fumonisins...

Author(s): Rafael Gomes Abreu Bacelar, Francisco das Chagas Cardoso Filho, Juliana de Abreu Costa, Amilton Paulo Raposo Costa,  Maria Marlúcia Gomes Pereira Nóbrega and Maria Christina Sanches Muratori

August 2016

Microbial species of safety concern in milk from informal processors in Harare, Zimbabwe

In this study, the bacteriological quality and the presence of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Bacillus cereus, Salmonella species, and Pseudomonas species were studied in raw milk, cultured milk, milk handlers and packaging containers. A total of 36 samples were collected over 3 months from three different farmers. Samples were analyzed for means of counts per milliliter of milk for total bacterial...

Author(s): Siyangapi Chimuti, Nicholas Midzi, Patrick Kamau Njage and Desmond Tichaona Mugadza

August 2016

Evaluation of a non-submerged cultivation assay combined to ESEM imaging for analysis of biofilms formed by dairy-associated sporeforming bacteria

In the dairy industry, the biofilms formed by spore forming bacteria are not well characterized. Microscopic methods are crucial for the study of biofilm structural and architectural features. Here, a simple surface-associated non-submerged model combined to environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) imaging was used for the study of Bacillus cereus and Geobacillus spp. dairy biofilms. To evaluate the utility of...

Author(s): Fadila Malek

August 2016

Cytokinins production by fluorescent Pseudomonas isolated from rhizospheric soils of Malus and Pyrus

Information on microbial production of cytokinins and their effect on plant growth are limited. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate cytokinins production by Pseudomonas sp., a major component of rhizobacteria with multiform and diverse activities, which enhance plant growth by synthesizing various secondary metabolites. In the present investigations, thirty Pseudomonas isolates were isolated...

Author(s): Ritika Kapoor and Mohinder Kaur

August 2016

Antibacterial susceptibility spectrum of some gram negative bacteria from suspected Otitis media patients

Otitis media (OM) is a multifactorial disease characterized by high rate of recurrence in young children and considered to cause hearing impairment in children. This study was undertaken to evaluate the antibacterial sensitivity of Gram-negative bacteria of OM to some antibiotics. A total of Fifty four (54) samples were obtained from patients with suspected cases of otitis media coming into the National Ear Care Centre...

Author(s): Maiangwa Jonathan, Abdullahi Mustapha, Ibrahim Musa Moi, Garba Lawal and Orukotan Abimbola

August 2016

Nosocomial infection caused by multidrug resistant Enterobacteriaceae and their spread in inanimate surfaces in East-Algerian hospitals

The inanimate hospital environment may serve as a reservoir for resistant bacteria that pose nosocomial infection risks often originating from cross contamination and the most common means of pathogens transference occurs between hands of health professionals, hospital equipment and patients. The aim of this study was to investigate various nosocomial infections with multidrug resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDR-E) and...

Author(s): Widad Bouguenoun, Ahmed Aimen Bentorki, Imane Bouguenoun and Tarek Merad

August 2016

Cloning and characterization of an endo-β-1,4-xylanase gene from Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and phylogenetic analysis of similar genes from phytopathogenic fungus

Colletotrichum lindemuthianum is the etiological agent of anthracnose, one of the main diseases of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). In this study, the complete cDNAs of two endo-β-1,4-xylanase genes (xyl1) from non-pathogenic (0) and pathogenic (1472) races of C. lindemuthianum were isolated and characterized. To get an insight into the role of endo-β-1,4-xylanases in their different lifestyles, xyl1 gene expression...

Author(s): Ulises Conejo-Saucedo, Horacio Cano-Camacho, Everardo López-Romero, Maria G. Villa Rivera, Alicia Lara-Márquez and  María G. Zavala-Páramo

August 2016

Effects of temperature and incubation time on growth and ochratoxin A biosynthesis by Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus in grain-based media

Ochratoxin A (OTA) has been frequently found as a food contaminant, and it is considered one of the mycotoxins most harmful to human health. In this context, this study was performed aiming to evaluate mycelial growth and ochratoxin A production from three isolates of Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus. The isolates were inoculated on culture media coffee, wheat and maize as well as YES medium and...

Author(s): Sirlei Cristina de Souza, Vanessa Maria Pereira, Fabiana Reinis Franca Passamani, Marcelo Angelo Cirillo, Rodrigo Luz da Cunha, Maria das Graças Cardoso, Wilder Douglas Santiago, Sara Maria Chalfoun de Souza and Luís Roberto Batista

August 2016

Recovery and prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella from fresh goat meat in Arusha, Tanzania

Meat products are clearly associated with foodborne pathogens including, antibiotic-resistant strains.  Population growth and growing consumer demand facilitate the transmission of foodborne pathogens, particularly in developing countries. To determine the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella in goat meat, a study was done in Tanzania (June to July, 2015). Overall 120 goat meat samples were collected from...

Author(s): Gaspary O. Mwanyika, Joram Buza , Benardether T. Rugumisa, Catherine Luanda, Rehema Murutu, Beatus lyimo, Murugan Subbiah and Douglas R. Call,