African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Table of Content: 4 October, 2012; 6(38)

October 2012

Molecular epidemiologic tools for diagnosis of tuberculosis: A Review of literature and its’ applicability in Nigeria

There is scarcity of data on molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in many of the high burden countries of sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria. This may be due to inadequate diagnostic and research capacities. There is a need to build capacity on molecular epidemiologic techniques in order to enhance TB diagnosis, treatment and prevention strategies. Some of the more popular molecular typing methods being used...

Author(s): Aderemi Oludiran Kehinde

October 2012

Serological diagnosis of tuberculosis using proteins expressed from the region of difference 1 (RD1) and RD2 of mycobacterium tuberculosis as antigens

Tuberculosis is a well known public health problem. However, the diagnose of this disease usually takes too long time. And, the specificity is not good enough. So it is extremely urgent to develop a diagnose method to detect tuberculosis accurately. In this study, we used rEC (recombinant of ESAT-6 and CFP10 fusion protein) and rCM(recombinant of CFP21 and MPT64...

Author(s): Xuenan Wang, Xiaozhe Li and Huanfu Niu

October 2012

Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of two Juniperus species essential oils

Nowadays, the overdose use of antibiotics and the increase of microbial resistances have made researchers to carry out more studies about the new drugs with new chemical composition. In order to produce these new drugs, different species of special plants can be useful by scientists and researchers. Base on this, the leaves and fruits of Juniperus excelsa and Juniperus horizontalis were collected...

Author(s): E. Ehsani, K. Akbari, M. Teimouri and A. Khadem

October 2012

Effects of pegylated interferon-related neutropenia and thrombocytopenia on treatment of chronic HBV infection

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of neutropenia and thrombocytopenia on virologic response in cases with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection receiving treatment with pegylated interferon. Patients with chronic HBV infection treated with pegylated interferon were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with or without end-of-treatment and sustained virologic response were compared in terms of basic...

Author(s): Bahadır Ceylan, Muzaffer Fincancı, Gülhan Eren, Cüneyt MüderrisoÄŸlu, Ferda Soysal and Esra PaÅŸaoÄŸlu

October 2012

Cyanobacterial extra-metabolites against some pathogenic bacteria

Ten cyanobacterial species (Nostoc calcicola, Nostoc commune, Nostoc entophytum, Nostoc minutum, Nostoc palndosum, Nostoc passerianum, Nostoc punctiforme, Anabaena ambigua, Anabaena amomala, and Anabaena doliolum) were isolated from the mangrove region of Ras Mohammed (Sinai, Egypt), and were tested for their allelopathic activities including inhibitory and/or promoting effects against two Gram...

Author(s): Ibraheem B. M. Ibraheem, Monerah R. Al-Othman and Neveen Abdelraouf,  

October 2012

Evaluation of the K9CATH peptide in the treatment of experimental pulmonary tuberculosis

The antimicrobial activity of the peptide K9CATH against Mycobacterium tuberculosisH37Rv in vitro and its therapeutic potential against pulmonary tuberculosis in a murine model was evaluated. By the alamar blue colorimetric assay, a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 10.66 µg/ml was obtained. Also, K9CATH did not show to be cytotoxic at 32 µg/ml on lung cells (A549)....

Author(s): Alma Rossana Tamayo Sosa, Víctor Manuel del Villar Pérez, Alberto Barreras Serrano, Rogelio Hernández Pando, José Ángel Olivas Valdez and Tonatiuh Melgarejo

October 2012

Predisposing factors for multi drug resistant Tuberculosis in Southest Region of Turkey

Drug resistance (DR) is an important problem in tuberculosis (TB) control programs. This study investigated the university hospital records of TB patients, along with the drug resistance ratios, the risk factors for developing multi drug resistance and their effects. Multi drug resistance is defined as the presence of both isoniazid (H) and rifampicin (R) resistance. The records of TB patients who had been diagnosed...

Author(s): Hadice Selimoglu Sen, Ozlem Abakay, Ayse Dalli, Cengizhan Sezgi, Mehmet Halis Tanriverdi, Yilmaz Palanci, Abdurrahman Abakay and Abdullah Cetin Tanrikulu

October 2012

Seroprevalence of infectious bursal disease in chickens managed under backyard production system in Central Oromia, Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study was conducted from November, 2009 to May, 2010 to determine the seroprevalence of infectious bursal disease (IBD) in backyard chickens and to identify the likely potential risk factors in selected sites in Central Oromia, Ethiopia. The study methods involved collection of serum samples, questionnaire surveys, and serological task conducted in laboratories. Accordingly, a total...

Author(s): Tesfaheywet Zeryehun and Getnet Fekadu

October 2012

Effects of different levels of phosphate in comparison with citrate buffer in culture media on in vitro ruminal fermentation and methanogenesis of a starch-rich feed mixture

Compared to a phosphate free medium containing citrate buffer, effects of phosphate concentrations (10, 20, 50 ,and 100 mmol/L) in the modified Menke and Steingass’s medium on methanogenesis of a maize-rich substrate (Leymus chinensis hay:maize meal = 1:4) were determined in comparison with using an in vitro cumulative gas production technique. After the 48 h batch cultures, phosphate additions...

Author(s): Dan-Feng Zhang and Hong-Jian Yang

October 2012

Studies on the mycoflora associated with sewage water in Bagru and Jharna area (Rajasthan)

The wastewater in Bagru and Jharna area (Rajasthan) is rich in pathogenic and non-pathogenic keratinophilic fungi including dermatophytes. Most of the fungal isolates from the waste water have already been reported as dermatophytes causing infections of skin, scalps or hair. This study deals with the isolation and characterization of keratinophilic fungi from different water samples of Bagru and Jharna area (Rajasthan)....

Author(s): Richa Sharma, Swati, Gajanand Sharma and Meenakshi Sharma

October 2012

Levels of Sclerotium rolfsii inoculum influence identification of resistant genotypes in Jerusalem artichoke

Improvement of Jerusalem artichoke genotypes with resistance to stem rot caused by the soil borne fungus Sclerotium rolfsii is a sustainable means for controlling the disease. However, this crop is rather new to breeders. A consensus screening procedure for resistance to the disease is not yet available. The aim of this study was to determine the level of inoculum that provides the reliable and...

Author(s): R. Sennoi, S. Jogloy , W. Saksirirat, T. Kesmala, N. Singkham and A. Patanothai