African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2243

Full Length Research Paper

A cross-sectional survey on COVID-19 knowledge and precautionary measures of the pharmacists and patients in community pharmacies

Eriko Kobayashi
  • Eriko Kobayashi
  • Department of Social Pharmacy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University; 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 260-8675 Japan.
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Yusuke Kanemaru
  • Yusuke Kanemaru
  • Department of Social Pharmacy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University; 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 260-8675 Japan.
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Kotomi Shioya
  • Kotomi Shioya
  • Department of Social Pharmacy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University; 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 260-8675 Japan.
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Junichi Asaka
  • Junichi Asaka
  • Division of Clinical Pharmaceutics and Pharmacy Practice, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University; 1-1-1 Idaidori, Yahaba-cho, Shiwa-gun, Iwate 028-3694 Japan.
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Satoshi Yuge
  • Satoshi Yuge
  • Department of Educational Training and Medical Information, Nihon Chouzai Co., Ltd.; 37F GranTokyo North Tower, 1-9-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-6737 Japan.
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kenzo Kudo
  • kenzo Kudo
  • Division of Clinical Pharmaceutics and Pharmacy Practice, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University; 1-1-1 Idaidori, Yahaba-cho, Shiwa-gun, Iwate 028-3694 Japan.
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Nobunori Satoh
  • Nobunori Satoh
  • Department of Social Pharmacy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University; 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 260-8675 Japan.
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  •  Received: 29 October 2021
  •  Accepted: 30 November 2021
  •  Published: 31 January 2022

Abstract

In the global pandemic of COVID-19, community pharmacists play key roles in implementing personal protective measures to control their own risk as well as the patient’s risk of being infected with COVID-19. This study was designed to explore the COVID-19 knowledge and precautionary measures of the pharmacists and patients in community pharmacies. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on the pharmacists and patients in community pharmacies. Community pharmacists (N=597) and patients (N=779) from 162 community pharmacies were the subjects of the analysis. Though the pharmacists and patients had good COVID knowledge, the mean Knowledge score (K score) among the pharmacists (7.71±1.43) was statistically higher than that of patients (7.35±1.64, p<0.01). Regarding the precautionary measures, the mean precautionary measure score (P score) of the pharmacists (8.17±1.86) was statistically higher than that of the patients (7.91±2.04, p<0.05). Considering COVID knowledge of patients of different age groups (age: 39 and 40), no statistically significant differences were observed. Whereas regarding the precautionary measures, between these two age groups, several statistically significant differences were observed in the mean P score (40: 8.09±1.99, 39: 7.29±2.07, p<0.001) and in the implementing rates in some of the practices, avoiding crowded places, avoiding touching eyes/nose/mouth, etc. (p=0.043, p<0.001, respectively). The community pharmacists were found to have better knowledge and implemented better precautionary measures for the prevention of COVID-19 than the patients. The young generation patients should be educated on the essential protective measures for reducing the risk of becoming infected with COVID-19.

Key words: COVID-19, community pharmacy practice, pandemic, personal protective measures, patients, community pharmacists