African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 780

Full Length Research Paper

Identification of plants visited by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L. in the Sudan Savanna zone of northeastern Nigeria

Usman H. Dukku
  1Biological Sciences Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, P.M.B. 0248,Bauchi 740004, Nigeria. 2LLH Bieneninstitut Kirchhain, Erlenstrasse 9, 35274 Kirchhain, Germany.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 June 2013
  •  Published: 31 July 2013



A total of 61 species of savanna plants visited by the honeybee, Apis mellifera L. were identified through direct observation of foraging bees. The time of flowering of the plants was also recorded.  The largest number of species (26.2%) was recorded for the family Fabaceae. Combretaceae ranked second with 9.8% of the species, while Arecaceae, Lamiaceae, Poaceae Rhamnaceae and Rubiaceae ranked third each with 4.9% of the species. Each of the remaining families had 2 or 1 species. Many of the species are being reported as bee plants for the first time. An overlap of the periods of flowering of the plants, which made forage available to the bees throughout the year, was observed.


Key words: Savanna, bee plants, honeybee plants, bee forage, Apis mellifera, Bauchi, Nigeria.