Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1961

Full Length Research Paper

A source for technical and musical development in piano education: Analysis of Manookian “Etudes for the Intermediate Pianist” Method

Ozlem Omur
  • Ozlem Omur
  • Music Education, Fine Arts Education, Faculty of Education, Kastamonu University,Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 17 December 2021
  •  Accepted: 31 January 2022
  •  Published: 28 February 2022


In this study, the American pianist and composer Jeff Manookian's "Etudes for the Intermediate Pianist" method was examined. In this qualitative study, the descriptive research model was employed and the literature was scanned through document review. As a result of the examination, no study was found on Manookian's piano etudes. To that end, Jeff Manookian's "Etudes for the Intermediate Pianist" method was examined by considering the characteristics and differences of the etudes, and the elements that the composer aimed to use in the etudes were stated. It is seen that each etitude in the method includes practices that will enable to overcome a different technical difficulty. Including the nuances of musical expression in the etudes and emphasizing the musical terms reveal that the composer adopted an approach that aims to care and increase musicality as well as technical development. Manookian etudes also have a writing style that supports pedal use and performance improvement. As a result of the study, it is thought that Manookian's etudes for intermediate pianists can be used as an alternative source in piano education.


Key words: Jeff Manookian, piano education, piano etudes.