International Journal of
English and Literature

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. English Lit.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2626
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEL
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 270

Full Length Research Paper

Metaphors stemming from nature in the poetry of Mahmoud Darwish

Nawal Al-Sheikh
  • Nawal Al-Sheikh
  • Department of Languages, Faculty of Humanities, Al-Istiqlal University, Palestine.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 27 April 2021
  •  Accepted: 09 June 2021
  •  Published: 30 June 2021

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Al-Zubi A (1995). Al sha'erAlghadeb Mahmoud Darwish. Hamada Foundation. Irbid, Jordan.

 
 

Ashour F (2004). Repetition in Mahmoud Darwish Poetry. Arabian Foundation for Research and Publication. Beirut.

 
 

Asli C (2017). Exploring the concepts of "homeland", "exile" and "return" in the Palestinian poetry through the work of Mahmoud Darwish (Doctoral dissertation).

 
 

Belhadj H (2018). Implicature in Metaphors A Linguistic Analysis of Metaphorical Expressions in Arabic Poetry. BA Degree, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan.

 
 

Cameron L (2003). Metaphor in Educational Discourse (Advanced in Applied Linguistics). Bloomsbury Acad., London: Continuum 306 p.

 
 

Darwish M (1994). Psalms. Trans. by Ben Bennani. Colorado: Three Continents Press.

 
 

Darwish M (2003). Unfortunately, It Was Paradise. Trans. by Munir Akash and Carolyn Forche. Berkeley - Los Angeles - London: University of California Press.

 
 

Darwish M (2009b). Almond Blossoms and Beyond. Trans. by Mohammad Shaheen. Massachusetts: Interlink Books.

 
 

Darwish M (2009c). A River Dies of Thirst. Trans. by Catherine Cobham. London: Saqi Books.

 
 

Doucherty J (2004). Metaphors: Narratives, metaphors, and negotiation. 87 Marg. L. Rev. 

 
 

Hansen K (1999). Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Words, Lexemes, Concepts, Approaches to the Lexicon: Studies in Honour of Leonhard Lipka, P 85.

 
 

International Standard Version (ISV) (2015). The Holy Bible: International Standard Version. Release 2.0, Build 2015.02.09. Copyright © 1995-2014 by ISV Foundation. All Rights Reserved Internationally. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC. 

 
 

Lakoff G, Johnson M (1980). The metaphorical structure of the human conceptual system. Cognitive science 4(2):195-208.
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Månsson A (2003). Passage to a new wor(l)d: Exile and restoration in Mahmoud Darwish's writings 1960-1995 (Doctoral dissertation, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis).

 
 

Masood KM (2020). Manifestations of Nature and Politics in Mahmoud Darwish's Metaphors.

 
 

Mena E (2009). The Geography of Poetry: Mahmoud Darwish and Postnational Identity. Journal of Sociology of Self-knowledge Corpus ID: 55747377.

 
 

Mohamed MT (2012). The Metaphor of Nature in the Holy Quran: A Critical Metaphor Analysis. Language in India 12:11.

 
 

Nader U (2010). Mahmoud Darwish, Like Almond Blossoms and Beyond (Ka-zahri al-lawzi wa abad) (1941-2008), Translated by Mohammad Shaheen (Northampton, Massachusetts: Interlink Books, 2009). Pp. xi+ 95. Journal of Arabic Literature, 41(1-2):196-197.
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Newmark P (1988). A textbook of translation (Volume 1). New York: Prentice Hall.

 
 

Notopoulos J (1944). The Symbolism of the Sun and Light in the Republic of Plato. II. Classical Philology 39(4):223-240. 
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Parmenter BM (1994). Giving voice to stones: place and identity in Palestinian literature. University of Texas Press.

 
 

Rabehat O (2006). Biblical Impact in Mahmoud Darwish's poetry, Yazouri Group for Publication and Distribution, Amman.

 
 

Raine K (2002). Blake and Tradition. London: Routledge.

 
 

Shawqi A (2005). Virgin India, Cairo: Ein for Human and Social Studies, 1st Edition.

 
 

Shtaya M (2021). Interview over a phone call on April 18 2021 at 10:00 PM.