International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 531

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnicity and prostate cancer stage

Scott Woods
  • Scott Woods
  • Epidemiology and Recruitment, Bethesda Family Medicine Residency Program, 4411 Montgomery Road, Cincinnati, OH 45212, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Amy Engel
  • Amy Engel
  • Institute for Research and Education, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Wade Rankin
  • Wade Rankin
  • Bethesda Family Medicine Residency, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 17 March 2010
  •  Published: 31 May 2010



To investigate any association between prostate cancer stage and ethnicity. We conducted a retrospective cohort study utilizing data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program of the National Cancer Institute.  Inclusion in the study cohort required a diagnosis of prostate cancer from 1973 - 2005 with the data reported to SEER. Our cohort included 371,748 men with prostate cancer (304,867 non-Hispanic whites, 41,108 African Americans, 11,412 Hispanic Americans, 3,107 Chinese Americans, 5,033 Japanese Americans, 4,097 Filipino Americans, 1147 Hawaiians and 977 American Indians).  Compared to non-Hispanic whites, all seven races possessed significantly less stage III disease, and significantly more stage IV disease, at diagnosis. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, all seven races that were investigated possessed significantly more stage IV disease at diagnosis.


Key words: Prostate cancer, ethnicity.