International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

Table of Content: February 2013; 5(2)

February 2013

Serum albumin as a rough guide to the assessment of nutritional status of hospitalized patients: A study from Zaria, Northern Nigeria

Several studies have revealed that malnutrition is a common finding in hospitalized patients. The situation in our hospitals is not known. The objective of the present study was to compare serum albumin (ALB) among hospitalized, out-patients and apparently healthy subjects, with a view to assessing its status during hospitalization. Serum ALB concentrations were measured each in 50 of hospitalized and out-patients, as...

Author(s): Akuyam S. A., Anaja, P. O., Aliyu, I. S., Mai A. and Dahiru I. L.

February 2013

Lercanidipine effect on polymorphonuclear leukocyte-related inflammation and insulin resistance in essential hypertension patients

Inflammation, insulin resistance and oxidative stress (OS), are among the mechanisms that have been implicated in pathogenesis of essential hypertension (EH). Peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) are primed in EH patients, releasing uncontrolled superoxide anion contributing to OS in these patients. PMNL priming correlates with insulin resistance and with PMNL intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i). Recent studies...

Author(s): Raymond Farah and Revital Shurtz-Swirski

February 2013

Intestinal parasitism in school children periodically treated with albendazole in 2 sampling periods

This transversal study estimated the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in school children twice yearly treated by the national campaign of albendazole during two consecutive years in Northwestern Mexico. 450 and 389 children showed prevalences of 46 and 35% for intestinal parasites, 42 and 30% for protozoa, and 11 and 12% for helminths in 2005 and 2006, respectively.Giardia...

Author(s): Quihui-Cota Luis and Morales-Figueroa Gloria Guadalupe

February 2013

Giant aortic arch thrombus, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) A1298C heterozygous gene mutation, smoking and hormonal replacement therapy

We report the case of a mobile aortic arch thrombus possibly induced by the combination of postmenopausal hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) and cigarette smoking in a woman with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) A1298C mutation. No other cause for her illness could be identified despite an extensive laboratory work-up for thrombophilic state. Surgical exploration showed the floating aortic arch thrombus...

Author(s): Abdallah K. Alameddine, Jonathan Freeman, John Rousou, Yvonne Alameddine, Joseph E. Flack and Victor K. Alimov

February 2013

Importance of diet on disease prevention

Over the last decades, a considerable body of evidence supported the hypothesis that diet and dietary factors play a relevant role in the occurrence of diseases. To date, all the major scientific associations as well as the World Health Organization, scientific and non-scientific organizations place an ever-increasing emphasis on the role of diet in the strategies able to prevent noncommunicable diseases. Many...

Author(s): Francesco Sofi,, Rosanna Abbate, Gian Franco Gensini, and Alessandro Casini,

February 2013

Retrospective incidence of wound infections and antibiotic sensitivity pattern: A study conducted at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Infection continues to be a major complication of wounds with significant increase in costs, morbidity and potential mortality. Retrospective study of incidences of wound infection and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in patients that visited Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria, which involved the analysis of the medical records of 651 patients diagnosed from April, 2009 to September, 2010, was carried out....

Author(s): Mohammed, A., Adeshina, G. O. and Ibrahim, Y. K. E.

February 2013

Application of area to point Kriging to breast cancer incidence in Ashanti Region of Ghana

This paper provides a spatial analysis of breast cancer incidence in the Ashanti region area during the period of 2010 to 2011. Breast cancer disease has prevalence in Ghana particularly in the major cities including Ashanti region. Geographical units vary in shape and size and incidence count is non homogeneous in nature. For this reason, assigned area to point kriging approach is adopted as methodology. There is...

Author(s): Ebenezer Bonyah, L. Munyakazi, N.N.N. Nsowah-Nuamah, D. Asong and Bashiru I.I. Saeed

February 2013

Validation of pharmacokinetic model of propofol in Indian population

The pharmacokinetics of propofol has been evaluated extensively in a variety of patients groups after either bolus doses or continuous infusions. Presently there are multiple models available based on western data including China. So far, the pharmacokinetics of propofol has not been studied in the Indian population. With this background we planned to evaluate pharmacokinetics of propofol in Indian patients which...

Author(s): Avinash Puri and Sanju Dhawan

February 2013

Sex differences in the cranial and orbital indices for a black Kenyan population

Craniometric parameters including cranial and orbital indices have been employed to determine the sex of a person in forensic medicine. These parameters are usually population specific. However, they have not been documented for a black Kenyan population. This study aimed at calculating the sex differences in the cranial and orbital indices. The cranial vault height, glabellomaximal length and orbital height and length...

Author(s): Munguti Jeremiah, Mandela Pamela and Butt Fawzia

February 2013

A retrospective study on the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

In this study, we investigated the outcomes of tuberculosis treatment at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital in northwest Ethiopia. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), treatment outcome is an important indicator for tuberculosis (TB) prevention and control programme. We analyzed the records of 756 tuberculosis patients registered for treatment in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital from January, 2010 to...

Author(s): Fantahun Biadglegne,, Berhanu Anagaw, Tewodros Debebe, Belay Anagaw, Woghata Tesfaye, Belay Tessema,, Arne C. Rodloff and Ulrich Sack,