International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

Table of Content: October 2009; 1(10)

October 2009

Quality use of antidepressants: How pharmacists can play their part

Author(s): Dr. Tahir Mehmood Khan

October 2009

Geohelminthiasis among Nigerian preschool age children

A study of the prevalence, intensity and risk factors of geohelminth infections was investigated among preschool children aged 1-5 years old in Ibilo, Akoko-Edo Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. Two hundred and ninety eight children (94.30%) out of 316 volunteers examined were infected with one or more geohelminth parasites. The predominant geohelminth was Ascaris lumbricoides (85.7%, 104.4 epg),...

Author(s): O. P. G. Nmorsi, C. Isaac, I. S. Aashikpelokhai and N. C. D. Ukwandu

October 2009

Nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in a tertiary care hospital: Risk factors, overall mortality and antimicrobial resistance

A retrospective study on risk factors of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia was carried out on 99 blood culture isolated episodes of S. aureus in a Brazilian hospital during 2000 - 2002”. We found several factors associated with an increased risk of methicillin-resistant S. aureus(MRSA) bacteremia including presence of two or more devices and use of antimicrobials. The patients with MRSA...

Author(s): Rosineide Marques Ribas, Claudete Freitas and P. Paulo Gontijo Filho  

October 2009

Health workers’ knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards hepatitis B infection in Southern Nigeria

Globally, it is estimated that approximately 400 million individuals are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus and more than a million people die annually from HBV-related causes. This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital in Edo state, Nigeria, to determine health workers knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards hepatitis B infection using a structured questionnaire....

Author(s): S. O. Samuel, S. A. Aderibigbe, T. A. T. Salami and O. A. Babatunde

October 2009

Prevalence of breast cancer in menopausal blind women

A correlation between prevalence of breast cancer with blindness has not been attempted in India and only scanty information is available at the world scenario as well. We have done a pilot study by epidemiological survey of blind menopausal (high risk age group) women (n = 204) from Chennai to find the prevalence of the disease. In the present study,  menopausal visually challenged women have shown that the ratio...

Author(s): K. Pushkala and P. D. Gupta

October 2009

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) caused by Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa vs. other microorganisms at an adult clinical-surgical intensive care unit in a Brazilian University Hospital: Risk factors and outcomes

This study aims at investigating whether the development of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) episodes caused by Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosaor other microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus and other bacilli) were related to different risk factors. A 1-year retrospective case-control study was conducted in surgical-clinical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Inclusion criteria were VAP cases (n =...

Author(s): Dayane Otero Rodrigues, Renata Cristina Cezário, and Paulo P. Gontijo Filho

October 2009

Evaluation of biofilm production by Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates from nosocomial infections and skin of healthy volunteers

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections. The major virulence factor is thought to be biofilm formation by the organism mediated by gene products of the icaADBC operon. In this research, biofilm phenotype and icaADBC gene carriage were studied in 50 S. epidermidis isolates from symptomatic patients (group A) and 50 skin isolates from healthy...

Author(s): Fereshteh Eftekhar and Zeinab Mirmohamadi

October 2009

Neuroimaging findings in breast cancer: A systematic qualitative review

Patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy may develop neuropsychiatric symptoms, including fatigue and depression. The authors discuss the potential use of structural neuroimaging in the identification of these patients. Findings from neuroimaging studies improve our understanding of the wide-ranging neurobiological changes in breast cancer patients. We set out to determine whether neuroimaging studies had...

Author(s): Francine Nunes Ferreira, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, and Tânia Correa de Toledo Ferraz Alves,

October 2009

Effective inhibition of agglutinability of human A and B type erythrocytes by sodium periodate-chloroacetic acid combined treatment

The study focused on effective inhibition of the agglutinability of human A and B type erythrocytes by sodium periodate-chloroacetic acid concerted action. Suppression of agglutinability was determined by using anti-A and anti-B antisera. Effective concentrations of sodium periodate were 6.8 and 2.7 mM, respectively for A and B type erythrocytes in presence of 4.5 chloroacetic acid in the reaction mixture....

Author(s): Dipankar Ghosh, Susmita Santra, Sujit Dutta and Panchanan Pramanik

October 2009

Predictive equations for estimation of stature from knee height, arm span, and sitting height in Indonesian Javanese elderly people

The purpose of this study was to develop the predictive equations for estimation of stature, using knee height, arm span and sitting height in Indonesian Javanese elderly people. Eight-hundred and twelve healthy elderly people (295 men and 517 women) participated in this cross sectional study. Standing height, weight, knee height, arm span and sitting height were measured. The Chumlea and Eleanor equations were...

Author(s): Fatmah, Yusran

October 2009

Dermatoses reports in Wenchuan districts of Sichuan province after 5.12 earthquake

After 5.12 earthquakes, we attended one team for medical support at the dermatologic clinic in Wench-uan district of Sichuan province, the centre of the earthquake. The dermatoses were recorded and statistically analyzed. We try to assess different epidemiological and clinical features of the dermatoses in Wenchuan district of Sichuan province after 5.12 earthquakes. Clinical assessment of...

Author(s): Sun Renshan, Zhu Tangyou, Li Chunxue, Chen Hong and Wu Jinjin

October 2009

Biochemical observations in wistar rats fed with the histological dye extracted from Sorghum bicolor

The biochemical effects of the histological dye extracted from Sorghum bicolor on Wistar rats were studied. The rats were fed with different doses of the aqueous extracts, 10, 100, 1000, 1600, 2900 and 5000 mg/kg for 24 h and then sacrificed through cervical dislocation. Thereafter, the sera were analyzed for random blood sugar, AST, ALT, sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, urea and bilirubin, and...

Author(s): O. G. Avwioro, G. K. Owolagba, E. Anibor, J. K. Bankole, T. Oduola, O. G. Adeosunand C. P. Aloamaka