International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213

Article in Press

Understanding of type 2 diabetes patients' knowledge and practice of self-care management among adult males and females living in sub-urban area of Ibadan

Victor Prefa, Ogbonna Nkechinyere and Adelani Tijani

  •  Received: 12 March 2024
  •  Accepted: 23 May 2024
Type 2 Diabetes affects an estimated 150 million people worldwide involving a greater proportion of the developing countries. It has a prevalence of 2.2% in Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey comprising 270 participants was selected to take part in a self-care management of type 2 diabetes. A structured interview was conducted among the selected participants with the aid of a designed questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed with IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Windows version 24. One-way ANOVA was also used to carry out the analysis of variance among the mean groups. Finally, the descriptive statistical analysis was exclusively compatible with a P value of 0.5. Looking at the One-way ANOVA test for analysis of variances, the null hypothesis was not accepted and equal variances not assumed. The results show that there is a difference between the males and the female respondents on the glucose readings. Alternatively, Pearson chi-square shows a P value of 000 < ? = 0.05, showing a significant difference between the males and the female respondents of the glucose readings. The study shows the possibility for both the educated and uneducated to practice self-care and this is more practicable with adults. Also, low Income is not a barrier to the practice of self-care of type 2 diabetes. Self-care for type 2 diabetes among the stipulated age group (35-75 years) should be encouraged to promote the screening of at-risk residents and strengthen policies for primary prevention and early intervention to optimize glycemic control.

Keywords: Diabetes, Knowledge, Practice, Self-Care, Sub-Urban