International Journal of
Peace and Development Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6621
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPDS
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 103

Full Length Research Paper

African continental free trade area (AfCFTA) trade vs. security dilemma: From borders’ perspective

Alazar Melkamu
  • Alazar Melkamu
  • Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Adonias Adugna
  • Adonias Adugna
  • Department of Political Science and International Relation, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 17 March 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021


Africa embarked on an ambitious and promising free trade area agreement. If applied fully, it can inject a magical potion into the lives of the African economies which currently seem doomed to economic ICU. The agreement is expected to induce intra-continental trade, industrialization, integration all mainly because of free movement of people and goods. Meaning, lowering border controls and checkpoints, but, here the free movement of people and goods can be problematic for the continent. As we all know, the availability of porous borders in the continent is one of the main causes of peace and security challenges of the continent. The article show the dilemma the continent will face to choose between security and economic advancement.


Key words: African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), free movement, porous borders, dilemma.