International Journal of
Peace and Development Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6621
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPDS
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 98

Full Length Research Paper

The impact of humanitarian aid on post conflict development in Borno State

James Emmanuel Ada
  • James Emmanuel Ada
  • Programme/SFCG/Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Mukhtar Abdullahi
  • Mukhtar Abdullahi
  • GNS/NS/FMS/ATBU/Bauchi, Bauchi, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 November 2021
  •  Accepted: 21 December 2021
  •  Published: 31 January 2022


Ahmed P (2018). Factional Split Inside Boko Haram: Evolving Dynamics and Future Implications. Cairo International Center for Conflict Resolution, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding publication.


Anderson MB (1999). Do No Harm: How Aid Can Support Peace or War. Lynne Rienner Publisher Incorporated. United State of America.


Anyadike NO (2013). Boko Haram and National Security Challenges in Nigeria; Causes and Solutions. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 4(5):12-23.


Awortu BE (2015). Boko Haram Insurgency and Underdevelopment of Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences 5(6):213-220.


Bidder M (1994). Linking Relief and Development; A Conceptual Outline. United Nation Development Programme (UNDP). Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia Publication.


Branczik A (2004). Humanitarian Aid and Development Assistance. Beyond Intractability. Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Available at: View


Crisis Group Africa Report (CGAR) (2014). International Crisis Group. April 3 2014. pp. 1-55.


Daily Trust (2020). Updates: How Residents Booed Buhari in Maiduguri. Published 12th February, 2020 and retrieved 15th February, 2020.


Dieci P (2006). Linking Relief to Rehabilitation and Development: What Does It Mean Today?" International Committee for the Development of Peoples. Available at:



Dubois M (2018). The New Humanitarian Basics Humanitarian Policy Group working paper. Overseas Development Institute publication.


Eguiluz L (2020). Northeast Nigeria: The conflict is intensifying and the needs are massive. Available at:



Ekanem SA, Dada JA, Ejue BJ (2012). Boko Haram and Amnesty: A Philo-legal Appraisal. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2(4):321-338.


Frere MS, Wilen N (2015). INFOCORE Definitions: "Post conflict". Bruxelles: ULB Online. Available at:



Gilbert LD (2014). Prolongation of Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria: The International Dimensions. Research on Humanities and Social Science 4(11):150-156.


Global Humanitarian Assistances (GHA) Reports (2019). Development Initiative Publication. Available at:



Goldstein JC, Pevehouse JCW (2008). Principle of International Relationship. Pearson Publication (9th August, 2008). pp. 495-500.


Hendrickson D (1998). Humanitarian action in protracted crises: the new relief 'agenda' and its limits. Relief and Rehabilitation Network; ISBN: 0-85003-387-X Overseas Development Institute; London.


Hinds R (2015). Relationship between humanitarian and development aid. Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, 4. Available at:



International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) (2016). Protracted Conflict and Humanitarian Action: Some Recent ICRC Experiences. International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva. Available at:



Imhonopi D, Urim UM (2016). The spectre of terrorism and Nigeria's Industrial development: A multi-stakeholder imperative. African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies 9(1):20-40.


International Labour Organization (ILO) (2004). Local Economic Development in Post-Crises Situations: Operational Guide Local Economic Development. In Focus Programme on Social Dialogue, Labour Law and Labour Administration. Available at:



Juneja P (2019). Understanding Conflict - Meaning and Phases of Conflict. Management Study Guide (MSG) Publication. Available at:



Kallon E (2019). Civil-Security Cooperation in Humanitarian Interventions in the North-East Workshop: Opening Remarks by the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria. 6th November, 2019. Available at:



McIlreavy P, Schopp J (2017). A collective shame: the response to the humanitarian crisis in north-eastern Nigeria. Humanitarian Exchange.


Nicholson M, Michael N (1992). Rationality and the analysis of international conflict. Cambridge University Press.


Nigerian Humanitarian Response Strategy (2018). Nigeria Humanitarian Response Strategy January 2019 - December 2021. United Nations Development Programme Published by the Regional Bureau for Africa. August, 2018. Available at:



Ocha (2019). Overview of Borno State's 25 years Development Framework and 10 years (2020 - 2030) Strategic Transformation Plan (2020).


Olojo A (2019). How viable is dialogue with al-Shabaab and Boko Haram?. Institute for Security Study Publication. Available at:



Potter BR, Bins T, Elliot J, Smith D (2004). Geographies of Development. Second Edition. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.


Prager A, Adamu S (2019). Ex-Boko Haram fighters face their hardest battle: Reintegration. Available at:



Rakhim MA (2010). Managing Conflict in Organizations. Transaction Publishers P 16.


Sphere Handbook (2018). The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, fourth edition, Geneva, Switzerland. Available at:



The Guardian Newspaper (2018). Amnesty for Boko Haram. The Guardian Newspaper April 20, 2018. Available at:



UNICEF (2016). Meet the uprooted children and families of Borno State, Nigeria. Available at:



World Food Programme (WFP) (2018). Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping: Food Security Analysis at a glance. Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA); World Food Programme. Available at: