Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 462

Review

Trends in agricultural extension services in Africa: Option for new approaches

J. O. Saliu 1*, P. C. Obinne 2  and S. I. Audu1
1Department of Agricultural economics and Extension, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Communi`cation, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 October 2009
  •  Published: 31 December 2009

Abstract

Many developing countries are now at various stages in the process of economic liberalization,
privatization and decentralization. This implies that technical programming, personnel management and
budget appropriations for extension delivery will no longer be the same as they used to be under
centralized public extension service delivery. Liberalization has bred different actors in extension
delivery such as the public agencies, private service providers, produce organizations and NonGovernmental Organizations (NGOs). It is therefore important to find out the methods utilized by the
current facilitators of extension activities and how the activities are funded. This paper thus examined
the current approaches to agricultural extension in South Africa, Nigeria, Uganda and Madagascar.
Findings revealed the following approaches: (1) partnership extension services, (2) people centered
participation, (3) farmers organizations and (4) fund mobilization through shared responsibility among
all the stakeholders. These approaches covered a significant part of each of the countries examined.
However, time must be giving if the approaches are to stand the test of time. Effort must be intensified
to see how the benefit from the approaches in the enclave coverage can be extended to every part of
the nation. Enabling environment like development of viable markets, communication and other
infrastructural facilities can be provided for the exploration of these approaches.
 
Key words: Actors, private service providers, non-governmental organization, public agencies.