Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 261


Phenotypic variations of indigenous sheep breed ecotypes of Ethiopia: A review

Weldeyesus Gebreyowhens Berhe
  • Weldeyesus Gebreyowhens Berhe
  • Department of Animal Sciences, School of Graduate Studies, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 24 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 September 2019
  •  Published: 29 February 2020


Abegaz S, Hegde BP, Taye M (2011). Growth and Physical Body Characteristics of Gumuz Sheep under Traditional Management Systems in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 23(5):11.


Amare B, Kefyalew A, Zeleke M (2012). Typical features, characterization and breeding objectives of Begait sheep in Ethiopia. Animal Genetic Resources 51:117-123.


Assen E, Aklilu H (2012). Sheep and goat production and utilization in different agro-ecological zones in Tigray, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development 24(1).


Berhe G (2010). Animal and Plant Health. Directorate-Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Ethiopia. Presented on: Dialogue on Livestock, Food security and Sustainability A side event on the occasion of the 22nd Session of COAG, FAO, Rome on 16:110-116.


Bimerow T, Yitayew A, Taye M, Mekuriaw S (2011). Morphological Characteristics of Farta sheep in Amhara region, Ethiopia. On line Journal of Animal and Feed Research 1(6):299-305.


Blench R, Donald KCM (1999). The Origins and Development of African Livestock. Available at :


Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2017). Agricultural Sample Survey. Report on Livestock and livestock characteristics (Private peasant holdings). Statistical Bulletin 585(2).


Gebregiorgis A, Guesh NH, Kidane W, Berihu G (2016). Reproductive Performance of Begait Sheep under different management Systems in Western Zone of Tigray. Journal of the Dairy, Veterinary and Animal Research 3(3):1-5.


Gebreyowhens W, Tesfay Y (2016). Morphological characterization of indigenous highland sheep population of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 6(1):96-104.


Gavojdian D, Cziszter LT, Sauer M (2013). Productive and reproductive performance of Dorper and its crossbreds under a Romanian semi intensive management system. South African Journal of Animal Science 43(2):219-228.


Gemeda DJ (2010). Participatory definition of breeding objectives and implementation of community ¬based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia. Doctoral Dissertation.


Gifford DG, Hanotte O (2011). Domesticating Animals in Africa: Implications of Genetic and Archaeological Findings. Journal of World Prehist 24:1-23.


Gizaw S, Getachew T, Edea Z, Mirkena T, Duguma G, Tibbo M, Rischkowsky B, Mwai O, Dessie T, Wurzinger M, Solkner J, Haile A (2013). Characterization of indigenous breeding strategies of the sheep farming communities of Ethiopia: A basis for designing community-based breeding programs. 


Hailay HT, Banerjee AK, Mummed YY (2017). Morphological characterization of indigenous sheep population in their production system for developing suitable selection criteria in central zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Livestock Production 8(4):40-47.


Hanotte O, Jianlin H (2005). Genetic characterization of livestock populations and its use in conservation decision-making. The role of biotechnology in Exploring and Protecting Agricultural Genetic Resources. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome pp. 89-96.


Helen N, Yoseph M, Solomon A, Kefelegn K, Sanjoy KP (2015). Indigenous Sheep Production System in Eastern Ethiopia: Implications for Genetic Improvement and Sustainable Use. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences 11(1):136-152.


Hizkel K, Yoseph M, Yosef T (2017). On Farm Phenotypic Characterization of Indigenous Sheep Type in Bensa District, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 7(19):2224-3208.


Kassahun A, Solomon A (2009). Breeds of Sheep and Goats. Origin, Domestication and Distribution of Sheep and Goats. Ethiopian Sheep and Goat Productivity improvement Program (ESGPIP). 


Mengesha M, Tsega W (2012). Indigenous Sheep Production in Ethiopia: A Review. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science 2(4):311-318.


Mengistie T, Girma A, Solomon G, Sisay L, Abebe M, Markos T (2010). Traditional management systems and linear body measurements of Washera sheep in the western highlands of the Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 22(9).


Michael A, Kebede K (2013). Phenotypic characterization of indigenous sheep types and their production systems in east gojam zone of Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. 


Michaele Y, Ashenafi M, Berihan T, Gebreyohannes B (2017). Effect of Feeding Cotton Seed Cake, Dried Acacia saligna, Sesbania sesban or Vigna Unguiculata on Growth and Carcass Parameters of Begait Sheep in North Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 6(5):149-154.


Mulata H, Solomon A, Yoseph M (2014). Within Breed Phenotypic Diversity of Sokota/Tigray Sheep in Three Selected Zones of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 4(17):148-157.


Oldenbroek K, van der Waaij L (2014). Centre for Genetic Resources and Animal Breeding and Genomics Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands.


Seare T, Gangwar S K, Kefelegn K (2011). Performance and physical body measurement of Abergell sheep breed in traditional management system of Tigray regional state, northern Ethiopia. International Journal of science and Nature 2(2):225-230.


Solomon A, Kassahun A (2009). Estimation of weight and age of sheep and goat. (Eds): Alemu Y, Gipson TA and Merkel RC. Technical bulletin No.23 Ethiopia Sheep and Goat Productivity Improvement Program (ESGPIP).


Solomon AG, Hegde BP (2007). In-situ characterization of Gumuz sheep under farmers management in north-western lowlands of Amhara region (Doctoral dissertation Haramaya University).pp 75-87.


Solomon GG (2008). Sheep Resources of Ethiopia Genetic diversity and breeding strategy. PhD thesis,Wageningen University, [email protected]:



Solomon G (2009). Sheep breeds of Ethiopia: A guide for identification and utilization. Technical bulletin No.28. Alemu Y, Kassahun A, Gipson TA, Merkel RC (eds.). Sheep and Goat Productivity Improvement Program (ESGPIP). 


Solomon G, Azage T, Berhanu G, Dirk H (2010a). Sheep and goat production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and strategies for improvement. Available @:



Solomon G, Aynalem H, Tadelle D (2010b). Breeding objectives and breeding plans for Washera sheep under subsistence and market-oriented production systems. Ethiopian Journal of Animal Production 10(1):1-18.


Solomon G, Komen H, Hanote O, Arendonk JAM, van Kemp S, Haile A, Okeyo AM, Dessie T (2011). Characterization and conservation of indigenous sheep genetic resources: A practical framework for developing countries. ILRI Research Report No. 27. Available 



Tassew M, Kefelegn K, Yoseph M, Bosenu A (2014). On-Farm Phenotypic Characterization of Native Sheep Types in North Wollo Zone, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Genetics 4(2):16-25.


Tesfaye G, Aynalem H, MarkosT, Sharmad AK, Ashebir K, Endashaw T, Wurzingere Mf, Sölkner J E(2009). Morphological characters and body weight of Menz and Afar sheep within their production system. Ethiopian Journal of Animal Production 9(1):99


Tibbo M (2006). Productivity and health of indigenous sheep breeds and crossbreds in the central Ethiopian highlands. PhD dissertation. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).


Tsedeke K (2007). Production and marketing of sheep and goats in Alaba, SNNPR. MSc thesis, Hawass University. Hawassa, Ethiopia.


Urge M, Animut G, Abraham H (2016). Evaluating Production Performance of Tigray Highland Sheep Supplemented with Air Dried Foliages of African Wild Olive and Red Thorn: A Case Study of Carcass Production. Journal of Fisheries and Livestocks Production 4:149-154.


Weldeyesus G, Zelealem T, Yaynishet T (2016). Management and Breeding Objectives of Indigenous Smallholder Highland Sheep in Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 6(1) Available @ 



Wendimu B, Wendimu B, Kefelegn K, Yoseph M, Shibabaw B (2016). Phenotypic Characterization of Black Head Somali Sheep in Gode and Adadile Districts, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria 17(3):265-270.


Zelealem TG, Anal AK, Gebrezgiher G (2012). Assessment of the sheep production system of northern Ethiopia in relation to sustainable productivity and Sheep meat quality. International Journal of Advaced Biological Research 2(2):302-313.


Zewdu E (2008). Characterization of Bonga and Horro indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders for designing community based breeding strategies in Ethiopia Directiral dissertation Haramaya University).