Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 389


Institutionalizing environmental hazards for ‘public needs’: Destruction of forest for drinking water supply in Kerala, India

S. Mohammed Irshad
Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Science, Malatil and Jal A.D. Naoroji (New) Campus, Sion-Trombay Road, P. O. Box 8313, Deonar, Mumbai-400 088, India.
Email: [email protected] or [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 20 June 2012
  •  Published: 30 April 2013


Natural resource exploitation is increasingly being considered as a technical issue with the assumption that it can be compensated for. The public concern shifts towards such destruction only when it affects the normal course of day to day life. Immediate needs often undermine the process of institutionalizing knowledge to ensure conservation of natural resources. The question of immediate needs often acts as the determining factor in decision making. This paper is focused on such an environmentally-legal issue in ensuring water availability through the destruction of rain forest. This paper discusses this issue in detail and raises the question of failure of institutionalizing knowledge.


Key words: Sustainability, institutionalizing disasters, beneficiary group, neo-liberalism.


Abbreviations: BG, Beneficiary Group; WB, World Bank; KWA, Kerala Water Authority;O&M, operation and maintenance; KRWSA, Kerala Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency; SEUF, Socio Economic and Unity Foundation; JBIC, Japan Bank of International Cooperation.