Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 389

Full Length Research Paper

Physicochemical evaluation of wastewater from the main sewer in Abidjan City

Yapo Toussaint Wolfgang1,2*, Mambo Veronique1, Yapo Ossey Bernard1, Seka M’bassidje Arsene1 and Houenou Pascal Valentin1
1Laboratory of Environmental Sciences, Research Group of Water Chemistry, University of Abobo-Adjamé (UAA), 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire. 2National Institute of Public Hygiene (INHP), BPV 14 Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 July 2012
  •  Published: 31 January 2013

Abstract

In many parts of the world, health problems have often been caused by untreated wastewater. The objective of this study was to determine the pollution level of wastewater in Abidjan City and to evaluate their impact on marine environment. Thus, wastewatersamples were collected and analyzed according to French Association of Standardization (FANOR). The results show that the values of these parameters are ranged on averagebetween 14500 and 18500 mg/L for biological oxygen demand (BOD5)between 36000 and41800 mg/L for carbon oxygen demand (COD) and between 75 and 145.5 mg/L forsuspended matters (SM). All these values are beyond World Health Organization recommendations for wastewater discharge. However, the analysis of the ratios between the COD and BOD5 of the different effluents showed that it is ranged on average between1.44 and 2.60. That means that wastewaters have a domestic character and are therefore easily biodegradable. So, the government should build a sewage treatment plant in AbidjanCity to minimize health and environmental risks.

 

Key words: Wastewater, physicochemical analysispopulation health, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.