Journal of
General and Molecular Virology

  • Abbreviation: J. Gen. Mol. Virol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6648
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMV
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 37

Full Length Research Paper

Intragenotypic diversity in the VP4 encoding genes of rotavirus strains circulating in adolescent and adult cases of acute gastroenteritis in Pune, Western India: 1993 to 1996 and 2004 to 2007

Vaishali S. Tatte and D. Shobha D. Chitambar *
Enteric Viruses Group, National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 09 September 2011
  •  Published: 31 October 2011



Genetic variability of rotaviruses circulating in Pune, India at the two time points was determined by characterizing VP4 genes in 131 rotavirus strains detected in adolescent and adult cases of acute gastroenteritis. The multiplex RT-PCR classified the VP4 genes in 73 P[4] (43.2%), 69P[8] (40.8%) and 27 P[6] (16.0%) genotypes. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis revealed increase in the prevalence of P[4]-5 and P[8]-2 and decline of P[8]-3 lineages in 2000s as compared to those identified in 1990s (92.8% Vs 100%, 4.2% Vs 33.3% and 93.7% Vs 66.7%, respectively). The P[4]-1 and P[8]-4 lineages circulated at low levels (7.1% / 2.1%) while presence of only P[6]-1 (100%) lineage was detected at both time. The strains with different VP4 genotype specificities displayed 0.2 to 2.3% amino acid divergence. A significant difference (P<0.01) in their association with common and nontypeable G strains was noted between the two time points studied. This is the first report to describe the intragenotypic diversity in the rotavirus VP4 genes from adolescent and adult patients of acute gastroenteritis from India. VP4 being one of the major protective antigens, monitoring the mutations in this protein would be crucial to understand the evolutionary changes in rotaviruses and devise more effective vaccine strategies in developing countries.
Key words: Group A rotavirus, VP4 genotypes, G and P typing, genetic diversity