Journal of
Media and Communication Studies

  • Abbreviation: J. Media Commun. Stud.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2545
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 225

Full Length Research Paper

‘Sanitized, made to lie supine and left fanged!’ The final version of the 2010 Protection of State Information Bill / Secrecy Bill, and its threats to the civil liberty of freedom of expression in South Africa

Luthuli Siboniso Prosper Welcome
  • Luthuli Siboniso Prosper Welcome
  • 511 Griffiths Mxenge Hwy, Umlazi, 4031, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 03 April 2016
  •  Accepted: 24 March 2017
  •  Published: 30 June 2021


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Antonie F, Gon S, Kenny T (2012). Submission to the National Council of Provinces The Protection of State Information Bill.

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Caparini M (2007). Controlling and overseeing intelligence services in democratic societies. In: Democratic Control of Intelligence Services: Born, H. & Caparini, M. (Eds). Ashgate (Switzerland) pp. 1-22.


De Vos P (2013). The new, tamer secrecy bill: still not constitutional.



Domisse E (1980). Afrikaans and English Press - 'The Case of the Goose and the Gander. Ecquid Novi. 1(2):118-127.


English Oxford Dictionary (2011). Chilling effect.



Freedom of Information Programme (2015). Secrecy bill to apply to 1 001 organs of state.



Ferreira EB (2012). Secrecy bill 'threatens values' of constitution.



Gerber MM, Jackson J (2003). Retribution as Revenge and Retribution as Just Desert'.



Government Communications Information System (GCIS) (2003). Memorandum of understanding between members of Presidential Press Corps and government.


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Hurtley W (2003). South Africa: Revised bill keeps harsh penalties for information peddling.



Jacobs C (2013). South Africa: 'secrecy bill 'improved but still flawed.


Jack A (1982). The steyn commission: an annotated bibliography. Critical Arts: South-North Cult. Media Stud. 3:29-32.


Justice L (2012). Apartheid media control laws re-emerge in South Africa.


Mdumbe MF (2003). The meaning of 'organs of state' in south african law (Unpublished Masters Dissertation). Pretoria: University of Pretoria.


Milo D, Stein P (2010). The secrecy bill and the media tribunal: back to 1982.


Namibian Democratic Institute (1997). Analysing legislation: how to read bills critically. National Democratic Institute for International Affairs: Windhoek (Namibia).


Nathan L (2012). Tool 3: Intelligence transparency, secrecy, and oversight in a democracy.


O'Connor T (2013). Secrecy Bill: As Africa opens up, South Africa shuts down.



Open Democracy Advice Centre (2011). Submission by the open democracy advice centre to the adhoc committee on Protection State of Information Bill, as approved by the National Assembly and marked [B 6B-2010].


Parliament (2013). Protection of State information Bill (As presented by Ad Hoc Committee on Protection of Information Bill (National Assembly) (introduced as Protection of Information Bill [B6-2010]) (The English text is the off?cial text of the Bill).


Reid J (2015). Combating the culture of secrecy.


Right2Know Campaign (2011). Please raise your voice! Scrap the secrecy bill!.



Right2KnowCampaign (2013a). Parliament passes the bill again, again and (again)'.



Right2KnowCampaign (2013b). R2k statement: parliament's rush and president's silence makes secrecy bill redeem themselves.


South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC) (2000). Faultlines: inquiry into racism in the media.



Shoba S (2014). Kids of top brass coin it in spies 'club. Sunday Times, August 24, p.1.


Smuts D (2013). Secrecy bill improved but still problematic-Dene Smuts.



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Stewart G (1980). A history of Press control. S. Afr. Outlook. 112(1330):67-68.


Wasserman H, Van Zyl L (2003). Independent or embedded? an exploration of views of the Presidential Press Corps: research article. Communicare 22(1):117-130.


Zille H (1982). Minefield. S. Afr. Outlook 112(1330):59.