Journal of
Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Lab. Diagn.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2618
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMLD
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 57

Full Length Research Paper

Anthropometric variables and hematological parameters among people with obesity in Sapele South-South Nigeria

Kingsley Chukwuka Amaihunwa
  • Kingsley Chukwuka Amaihunwa
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Services, General Hospital Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria.
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Emmanuel Asuquo Etim
  • Emmanuel Asuquo Etim
  • Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion Science, Federal Medical Centre Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
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Everista Odaburhine Osime
  • Everista Odaburhine Osime
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
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Zacchaeus Awortu Jeremiah
  • Zacchaeus Awortu Jeremiah
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Rivers State University, Rivers State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 06 December 2021
  •  Accepted: 14 January 2022
  •  Published: 31 January 2022

Abstract

Obesity and uncontrolled weight gains is associated with changes in anthropometric variables and hematological parameters. Therefore, this study aims to assess anthropometric variables and hematological parameters among people with obesity. This study was carried out at Central Hospital, Sapele, General Hospital, Oghara and Biomed Diagnostic Centre, Sapele in Southern Nigeria. 415 subjects with age between 18 and 65 years were enrolled for this study including 312 obese experimental subjects (comprising of 111 males and 201 females) and 103 non-obese normal control subjects (comprising 40 males and 63 females). 5.0 ml of venous blood was collected from all subjects into EDTA container and full blood count was determined using Sysmex XN330 automated hematology analyzer. Anthropometric variable of all subjects were measured using standard methods. Monocyte count of obese and non-obese individuals was 6.40±0.23×109/L and 5.14±0.18×109/L when Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of obese and non-obese people was 1.57±0.21 and 1.18±0.05, respectively. Waist height ratio (WHtR) of obese people was 27.56±0.30 inch/m while WHtR of non-obese/normal people was 17.83±0.22 inch/m. Obese and non-obese people had waist hip ratio of 0.92±0.01 and 0.90±0.01 respectively. Hip circumference (HC) of obese subject was 49.56±0.48 inch and HC of non-obese people was 33.37±0.53 inch. Nevertheless, body mass index (BMI) and mean height of obese people were 36.82±0.55 kg/m2 and 1.66±0.01 m while BMI of non-obese people were 20.43±0.29 kg/m2. Of all hematological parameters, only monocyte and NLR values were higher in people with obesity than in non-obese people and the value of all measured anthropometric variables were higher in obese subject than in non-obese people.

Key words: Anthropometric variables, hematological parameters, Sapele.