Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 432

Article in Press

Varietal Differences in Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation and Nitrogen Redistribution in Common Bean

Kelvin Kamfwa

  •  Received: 17 November 2021
  •  Accepted: 20 April 2022
The objective of this study was to investigate varietal differences in Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation (SNF) and redistribution of N in the leaves and stems. Five Andean genotypes Sisi, Bukoba, Red Hawk, Mecost and Cardinal were evaluated for SNF and N redistribution in a field trial conducted at University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia. Nitrogen derived from the atmosphere (NDFA) ranged from 15.9 kg ha-1 (Cardinal) to 48.4 kg ha-1 (Mecosta) with an average of 30.9 kg ha-1. Significant differences in N redistributions in the leaves and stem were observed. Both Mecosta and Red Hawk, which comparatively had higher NDFA, also had high redistribution of N from the leaves for Red Hawk and from the stem for Mecosta. This result suggest that despite Mecosta and Red Hawk being superior in SNF, they both had significant dependency on the N redistributed mainly from the leaf and stem, respectively, to meet their seed N requirements and support high seed yield. This result confirms the important role of N redistribution in common bean from stems and leaves regardless of the SNF ability of a genotype. Mecosta, which had high the highest NDFA, also had highest seed yield (1925 kg ha-1), which provides further evidence on the important role of SNF in common bean productivity especially in Africa where farmers do not apply N fertilizers to common bean.

Keywords: Nitrogen, Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation, Nitrogen derived from atmosphere, Nitrogen redistribution.