Journal of
Parasitology and Vector Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2510
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPVB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 202

Full Length Research Paper

Use of long-lasting insecticidal nets as malaria preventive measure among children 5 years and below, attending the Tubah District Hospital

Nfor Omarine Nlinwe
  • Nfor Omarine Nlinwe
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39, Bambili, North West Cameroon. 2Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39, Bambili, North West Cameroon.
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Ebanga Echi Joan Eyong
  • Ebanga Echi Joan Eyong
  • Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, The University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39, Bambili, North West Cameroon.
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Ngenwie Vanessa Tanyi
  • Ngenwie Vanessa Tanyi
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39, Bambili, North West Cameroon.
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  •  Received: 20 December 2023
  •  Accepted: 20 March 2024
  •  Published: 30 April 2024

Abstract

The use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) remains a key factor in preventing malaria among children under five years old. To investigate the effects of LLINs among this demographic, a study was conducted among children below five years of age attending Tubah district hospital. Data was collected over four months from February to May 2021 using a pre-tested structured questionnaire and the Care Start™ Pf Malaria HRP2 qualitative rapid diagnostic test. The risk of malaria occurrence in exposed children was determined using Chi-square (and Fisher’s exact) test. The study found that 90.91% (280 out of 308) of children had access to nets, with 92.86% (286 out of 308) owning LLINs. However, the percentage of net usage was 59.09% (182 out of 308). The prevalence of P. falciparum among the children was 25.32% (78 out of 308), and among those with repeated infections, it was 53.48% (46 out of 86). Neighborhood bed net coverage was associated with a reduced risk of malaria (P value = 0.038), while a higher risk (P value < 0.0001) was observed among those with repeated infections. These findings suggest that providing bed nets to all household members could offer community-level protection among children in semi-urban malaria-endemic regions like Tubah Subdivision.

Key words: Children below 5 years, LLINs, Malaria, Tubah subdivision.