Purpose-The study aims to assess the contributory and predisposing effects of prolonged drought and climate phenomenon on occurrence of dental abnormalities among three age group categories of Cephalophus niger.
Methods- This inquiry utilized a population cohort study comprising of 18 females and males for a period of three years in a continuum. Each group consisted of (eight) 0-10 months old kids (4 males and females), (fourteen) matured; one to three year olds (7 males and females) and (fourteen) old adults of above 3Â½ years in a similar composition with prolonged drought as predictor variable, a primary outcome variable is frequency/season of occurrence. Other study variables were deficient diet and age. One way Anova statistics was computed with PË‚.05 significance.
Results- Most severe defects occurred in matured and old females (PË‚.05) during prolonged drought. Morphologic disruptions occurred more frequently on mandible relative to maxillary dentitions (PË‚.05). Premolars and molar teeth abnormities occurred more frequently. In a summation of about 93% apical infections; bone resorptions occurred in 30% of females and 6% of males with profile aberrations in both time points and accounted for 33% of all arcade case/non-case abnormity observed in both genders, tooth stains; 40% of females, 8% of males (16%). Attritions- 15% apiece in both sexes (23%), missing teeth; 28% , 3% in females and males (12%) respectively.
Conclusions- This study concludes that deficient dietary content impacted on frequency of dental abnormalities. The findings may serve as a substrate in bioremediation process of dental pathologies and may find utility in determination of likely age and season of onset of a dental pathology while postulating the predisposal contributions of sustained elevated temperatures. Further investigation on suitability of diastema widening and oral irrigations for severe cases may be of value.
Keywords: cephalophus niger climate change, dental abnormalities, extreme weather, wild ruminants,