Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 415

Article in Press

Gastro-intestinal Nematodes in Chicken: Prevalence, Associated risk factors and Control practices at Arba Minch town and Surrounding Area, Southern Ethiopia

Lemma Dedino, *YakobBekele Deda and KassahunBerhanu Tola

  •  Received: 03 March 2024
  •  Accepted: 31 May 2024
Cross sectional study was conducted from January 2021 - May 2021 on chickens in Arba Minch city administration and Arba Minch Zuria district to determine the prevalence, identify risk factors and assess control practices of gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs). A total of 422 faecal samples were collected directly from the cloaca of chicken and ground immediately after defecation. Samples were examined for presence of nematode eggs using faecal floatation technique. In addition, semi structured questionnaire were used to collect information on awareness of internal parasites, their effect on production, control strategy and drugs available for treatment. The data obtained were analyzed using R-Software version 4.1.1. Descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized to summarize the result, and statistically significant when p<0.05 at 98% confidence interval.The result of faecal examination revealed that 259(61.4%) of chicken feces were positive for GINs egg. From the positive results eggs of three species of nematodes were identified with species specific prevalence of 32.5%, 13.5%, 7.1% and 8.3% Ascaridia gali, Hetrakis gallinarum, Capillaria species and mixed infections respectively. Among risk factors analyzed breed, sex, age, scavenging opportunity and feed supplementation were significant variables. The result of questioner survey exposed that 82.6% owners had no practice of any nematode control strategy, 12.3% owners practice decontamination by applying frequent cleaning and 5.1% treating the sick birds. Those who practiced treating sick birds used aAlbendazole and it was complained fairly effective. Based on the findings use of effective control strategy triggered by awareness creation, high level management, adequate feeding, provision and supply of appropriate anthelmintic and further study to estimate the economic influences were recommended.

Keywords: Chicken,prevalence, Gastro-Intestinal Nematodes, Risk factors, Control Practices