Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 405

Article in Press

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle in selected areas of Hawassa, Ethiopia.

  •  Received: 04 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 27 February 2020
Gastrointestinal nematode are among the major health problem which resulted in the reduction of production and productivity of cattle. A cross section study design was carried out for the determination of the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode of cattle in Hawassa, Ethiopia from November, 2017 to February, 2018 to investigate the main risk factors influencing the prevalence and worm load infection of cattle. A total of 421 fecal samples of cattle samples were collected from study area for detection of gastrointestinal nematode, using fecal flotation and mac master egg counting method. Out of 421 fecal sample examined animals 260 (61.76%) were found positive for gastrointestinal nematode of single or mixed type of infection. The eggs of Strongyle type were found predominant (50%) followed by Trichuries (10.77%),T.vitulorium (8.5%), 2.7% Trichostrongylus species type egg, 0.77% Nematodirus egg, Cooperia as well as Capillaria were the least prevalent from the genera (0.38).Most of the mixed infection had combination of Strongyle and Trichuries (8.07%) followed by Strongyle and T.vitulorium egg type (5.38) and the least prevalent was T.vitulorium and Trichuries (0.38) combination of egg type. Hence,cattle harbor single nematode egg (73.46%) were more common than mixed egg (26.54%) type. The egg per gram (EPG) counting result also indicate the dominant proportion of the study animals harbor low to moderate nematode eggs and the highest worm load were observed in cross breed of Hawassa university(876.08±214.05)and the least in cross breed of Chaffe (250.00±119.02) Kebele. Gastrointestinal nematode infection showed significant relation between sex, breed, age, body condition, address, management and health status of the animal. Most of the animals have no anthelminthic treatment in study area. Generally periodic and strategic deworming of cattle should be practiced as well as harvesting of grasses around grazing area should be minimized in study area. Keywords Gastrointestinal nematode, cattle, prevalence, worm load, Hawassa, Strongyle

Keywords: Keywords Gastrointestinal nematode, cattle, prevalence, worm load, Hawassa, Strongyle