Journal of
Yeast and Fungal Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Yeast Fungal Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2413
  • DOI: 10.5897/JYFR
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 129

Full Length Research Paper

Antifungal properties of essential oils and some constituents to reduce foodborne pathogen

Yaouba Aoudou1, Tatsadjieu Ngouné Léopold2*, Jazet Dongmo Pierre Michel1,3, Etoa François Xavier4 and Mbofung Carl Moses1
1Department of food Sciences and Nutrition, National Advanced School of Agro-industrial Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, P. O. Box 455 Ngaoundere, Cameroon. 2Laboratory of Microbiology, University Institute of Technology, University of Ngaoundere, P. O. Box 455 Ngaoundere, Cameroon. 3Faculty of Sciences, University of Douala, P. O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon. 4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, P. O. Box 812, Yaounde, Centre, Cameroon.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 December 2009
  •  Published: 28 February 2010


Investigations were conducted to evaluate the antifungal activities of the essential oils of Lippia rugosa, Plectranthus glandulosus, Clausena anisata and Vepris heterophylla and some essential oils compounds as citral, geraniol, nerol, citronellol, fenchone, linalool, 1,8 cineol, nerolidol, terpen 4-ol and -terpinolene on mycelia growth of different strains of Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium genus, common fungi causing spoilage of stored food product. The disc diffusion method was used to evaluate fungal growth inhibition at various concentrations. The strains of fungi exhibited similar susceptibilities (90 mm) to the action of L. rugosa essential oil and different susceptibilities (34 - 90 mm) to P. glandulosus, 0 to 44 mm to C. anisata and 0 to 30 mm to V. heterophylla essential oils. These inhibition halos varied from 0 to 84 mm according to each compound activity. The mycelial growth of fungal species tested was totally inhibited by MIC values ranged from 0.2 to 0.6 mg/ml for L. rugosa, 0.8 to 2 mg/ml for P. glandulosus and 0.5 to 1.2 mg/ml for citral, geraniol, nerol and citronellol which are the more active among the ten components tested. Results obtained indicate the possibility of exploiting L. rugosa, P. glandulosus essential oils and citral, geraniol, nerol, and citronellol to fight these strains responsible for biodeterioration of stored food.
Key words: Sanitizing agents, essential oils, antifungal activity, essential oil constituents.