Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 652

Table of Content: April 2011; 3(4)

April 2011

Modern practice in orthognathic and reconstructive surgery – Craniofacial distraction osteogenesis

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) techniques have been widely accepted and practiced in orthopaedics, traumatology, and craniofacial surgery. Over the last two decades, using DO methods, many previously untreatable conditions have been successfully managed with outstanding clinical outcome. Although the mechanism of DO is still not fully understood, it is generally accepted that mechanical stimulation is the key in...

Author(s): Kumar Dheeraj, Namrataa Rastogi and Meenakshi Singh

April 2011

Zoonotic helminth parasites in faecal samples of household dogs in Jimma Town, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma town from October 2009 to April 2010 to determine the occurrence and prevalence of zoonotic gastrointestinal helminth parasites in household dogs. For the purpose, faecal samples from 334 dogs were collected and examined using faecal floatation and Mac-master egg counting parasitological tools. Among the animals examined, helminth parasite infection was detected...

Author(s): Hailu Degefu, Abyot Tefera and Moti Yohannes

April 2011

Nurses’ knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS: Effects of a health education intervention on two nursing groups in Cairo University, Egypt

Information education and communication (IEC) programs are the most effective available approaches for combating the HIV pandemic especially among nurses. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS before and after an IEC intervention program. The study used a prospective interventional design that was conducted on two different nursing groups: post-graduate nursing staff...

Author(s): Eman Taher and Rehab Abdelhai

April 2011

Visceral fat with its risk factors amongst the Indonesian Javanese elderly

Direct and indirect risk factors are implied in increased elders’ visceral fat level, namely socio-economic, gender, age, workload, physical activities and eating pattern. The aim ofstudy was to get the information on visceral fat level and its risk factors amongst TheIndonesian Javanese elderly. A total of 812 elder’s (517 women and 295 men) participated in the...

Author(s): Fatmah, Yusran

April 2011

Perception on bioecology of onchocerciasis vectors around Osun River, South-western Nigeria

Human onchocerciasis still remains one of the public health problems in Africa despite the colossal resources committed by International organizations in combating its menace in the affected communities. The burden of the disease is intense mostly around the riverine areas where the Simulium vectors of the disease profusely breed. The proper knowledge of the communities on bioecology of the Simulium vectors is...

Author(s): Adeleke, M. A., Sam-Wobo, S. O., Mafiana, C. F. and Olatunde, G. O.

April 2011

Concurrent sexual partnerships among Chinese men: Evidence from a national population-based survey

We sought to determine the pattern of the concurrent sexual partnerships among Chinese men and its correlates with individual, partnership and community factors. Using data from the Chinese Health and Family Life Survey, we examined the prevalence and distribution of sexual concurrency of 1689 men.  A two-level logistic regression was employed to assess variables associated with sexual concurrency. Nine percent of...

Author(s): Wenjuan Wang, Cheng Huang, Ha Nguyen and Henry Mosley

April 2011

The pattern of skin disorders in a Nigerian tertiary hospital

We analyzed the data of patients with skin disorders attending the Dermatology Clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Port Harcourt, Nigeria with the aim of identifying common skin disorders in our community. All patients attending the Dermatology Clinic of the UPTH, Nigeria from January 2005 to December 2008 were included in this retrospective analysis. The medical records of the patients...

Author(s): D. D. Atraide, M. R. Akpa and I. O. George

April 2011

Prevalence of depression and role of support groups in its management: A study of adult HIV/AIDS patients attending HIV/AIDS Clinic in a tertiary health facility in South-eastern Nigeria

The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of depression among adult HIV/AIDS patients attending HIV/AIDS clinic in a tertiary health facility in Southeastern Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in June 2007. A consecutive sampling method was used to recruit participants for assessment of the prevalence of depression among HIV/AIDS patients. A pre-tested questionnaire and...

Author(s): Ndu A. C., Arinze-Onyia S. U., Aguwa E. N. and Obi I. E.

April 2011

Monitoring the influenza pandemic of 2009 in Thailand by a community-based survey

As an international traveling hub of South-East Asia, Thailand was one of the countries hardest and earliest hit by the influenza A (H1N1) 2009 pandemic. In order to understand the epidemic spread in the country, we conducted community-based surveys in metropolitan, urban, and rural areas using questionnaire interviews. We also determined sero-positive rates from randomly selected samples within the surveyed...

Author(s): Chakrarat Pittayawonganon, Hathaikan Chootrakool, Sopon Iamsirithaworn, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Sukhum Chaleysub, Prasert Auewarakul, Somkid Kongyu, Kumnuan Ungchusak and Pasakorn Akarasewi

April 2011

Reasons for incomplete vaccination and factors for missed opportunities among rural Nigerian children

Mothers play an important role in immunization of their children. A target of 95% immunization coverage is necessary for the sustained control of vaccine preventable diseases. Partial immunization coverage against vaccine preventable diseases is a significant public health problem especially in rural areas in Nigeria. The reasons for partial immunization and factors responsible for missed opportunities are poorly...

Author(s): Abdulraheem I. S., Onajole A. T., Jimoh A. A. G. and Oladipo A. R.