Accelerating Discovery

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Latest Published Articles

Serum lipid profile based on the prandial state among adult subjects

July-September 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 2

This study was aimed to access the variations in serum lipid parameters based on the prandial state of adult patients. Through a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study conducted in Parakou (Benin), from February 1 to May 1, 2020, 100 adult subjects (average age 31.21±12.36 years) were selected with...

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Physicochemical characterization of Grewia species biopolymer, a potential coagulation-flocculation agent

July-September 2021 - Vol 12 Num. 2

Powdered Grewia species barks was extracted in water and one part of the extract was precipitated with absolute ethanol. Both the crude water extract and the ethanol precipitate were freeze dried, pulverized into powder and subjected to physicochemical analyses. Amongst others, proximate composition, morphology and metal...

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Analysis of the effect of feed composition and thermal conditions on distillation plant performance using a computer model

July-September 2021 - Vol 12 Num. 2

This paper presents the effect of feed composition, xF, and feed thermal conditions on benzene-toluene distillation plant performance. An interactive computer model was developed to simulate the process using vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data, mass and energy balances and McCabe-Thiele method. The feed thermal...

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Antifertility effects of crude extracts from Acacia nilotica pods and Albizia lebbeck stem bark in female multimammate rats, Mastomys natalensis

July-December 2021 - Vol 12 Num. 1

The study's main objective was to assess any pathophysiological significance of Acacia nilotica pods aqueous extract and Albizia lebbeck stem bark methanolic extract on the reproductive system of female multimammate rats (Mastomys natalensis). A total of 60 sexually mature female rats were randomized into a 2 ×...

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Effect of spilled engine oil on soil quality indicators and physiological performance of maize, cowpea and sorghum

July 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 7

Soil contamination through oil spillage accumulates in the soil and affect plant growth. The study was conducted to examine the effect of spilled engine oil on soil nutrients and germination of seed in the in the Central region of Ghana. Ten samples were collected randomly from selected mechanic and fitting sites in the...

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Politeness in media talk shows: The case of media panel discussions in Ghana

July-September 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 3

In human communication, the communicators involved in the interaction have an obligation to show politeness to each other for a successful conversation. Non-observance of politeness in a communicative act such as panel discussions has the potential to infringe upon the public self-image of the addressees. Situated in...

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The origin and disappearance of the Wambambali tradition and the succeeding Wagogo communities in Dodoma: Oral stories from elders

July-December 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 2

The current fast growth of the city of Dodoma in central Tanzania threatens cultural heritage materials scattered on the landscape. However, natural processes such as weathering and erosion also add to this threat. Earlier, we reported on the existence of two cultural traditions on this landscape, the Middle Stone Age...

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Prevalence and impacts of fall army worms (Spodoptera frugiperda) on maize (Zea mays) production and productivity in Ethiopia

July-December 2021 - Vol 10 Num. 2

Maize is a key determinant of food security, mainly grown as subsistence in Ethiopia. It was introduced to Ethiopia in 1600’s from Mexico. Food security of Ethiopia is threatened from time to time due to crop diseases and pests. One of these is fall armyworms (Spodoptera frugiperda, J.E Smith; lepdoptera, Noctudea),...

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Notice of Retraction: Factors associated with young Taiwanese people’s preference of green tea

July 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 7

The editors of the African Journal of Business Management (AJBM) are retracting the article, “Factors associated with young Taiwanese people’s preference of green tea” published in 2017 with details: Vol. 11(16), pp. 415-425, 28 August, 2017.   This is based on verifiable evidences...

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Analysis of the effects of COVID 19 on the operations and sustainability of SMEs in South Western region, Uganda

July 2021 - Vol 15 Num. 7

SMEs are considered huge boosters to the economy of Uganda. They serve as the engine and driving force for growth, development, innovation, economic prosperity and wealth creation of Uganda. The study aimed at establishing the upshot of COVID 19 on the operations and sustainability of SMEs in Uganda with a view to...

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Influencing factors of accounting practices: a case study of New Zealand

July-September 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 3

Accounting practices in different countries influenced by several factors. This study has identified some factors those have a great impact on accounting practices in different countries. This study also explains the accounting practices in a specific country: New Zealand, which is one of the developed counties in the...

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A qualitative study on barriers to practitioner implementation of cardiac rehabilitation services in a tertiary health facility in Kano, Nigeria

July-December 2021 - Vol 20 Num. 1

The burden of cardiovascular diseases is on the rise in resource-constrained developing countries. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a constellation of multidisciplinary interventions designed to alleviate the burden of cardiovascular disorders. Qua litative data on barriers to the utilisation of cardiac rehabilitation...

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Relationship between post-stroke spasticity and functional ambulation among Nigerian stroke survivors

July-December 2021 - Vol 20 Num. 1

Ambulation is a common goal of stroke rehabilitation that is often linked to lower limb spasticity. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between paretic lower limb spasticity and functional ambulation after stroke. Thirty stroke survivors (19 males) aged 57.77 ± 9.52 years participated in this...

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Sleep quality and physical activity level of community dwelling older adults in Lagos State: A cross-sectional study

July-December 2021 - Vol 20 Num. 1

The potentially complex relationship between sleep and physical activity has been characterized as difficult to answer. This study was to determine the relationship between Physical Activity (PA) and Sleep Quality (SQ) among community dwelling older adults in Idi-Araba, Lagos-State. A cross-sectional study of older adults...

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Cage fish culture in the lake victoria region: Adoption determinants, challenges and opportunities

July-December 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 2

Fish cage farming was first introduced in Lake Victoria in 2005, however, its adoption and production has not met expectations. It is a promising venture that can help solve the problems of food insecurity, unemployment and alleviate poverty if, a conducive investment environment is put in place.  This study sought...

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Evaluation of tillage practices on selected soil chemical properties, maize yield and net return in O. R. Tambo District, South Africa

July-September 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 3

The costs of maize production per ha in the Eastern Cape Province are escalating due to an increase in mechanization and input costs. Conservation agriculture (CA) has been identified as one of the systems that can reduce costs of production and improve maize productivity. Most famers in the district still require...

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On-farm evaluation and pre-scaling up of improved finger millet technologies under rainfed condition in Western Oromia, Ethiopia: A case of East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia

July-September 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 3

The average yield of finger millet is low in Ethiopia, specifically in Western Oromia due to different production constraints such as limited availability of improved varieties, lack of formal seed delivery system, and limited adoption of the available technologies. To this, BARC in collaboration with AGP-II...

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Probability of dry and wet spells over West Africa during the summer monsoon season

July-September, 2021 - Vol 16 Num. 3

This work aims at characterizing the conditional probability of single or consecutive dry and wet days in West Africa using the first-order Markov chain approach during the monsoon season (June to October). The results show that the probabilities of having a wet day (PW), a wet day preceded by another wet day (PWW) and a...

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Keys to sustainable and enduring societal peace in intractable conflicts: A theoretical and empirical justification in apartheid South African peace process

July-December 2021 - Vol 12 Num. 2

The perpetual search for solutions to societal conflicts, particularly those tagged intractable, that is, irresolvable, took a dramatic turn when South Africa, one of such age-long conflicts, bowed to mediation after about 48 years of fierce existence. Until now, no rigorously deep insight that is capable of accurately...

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Entrepreneurship education and the professionalisation of higher education

July-December 2021 - Vol 13 Num. 2

Considerable concern is being paid to the professionalization of education. Professionalising higher education in a way in many countries is trying to build a bridge between theory and practice. First of all, it is important to know and understand that academics cannot be professionalised. This paper aims to explore a way...

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