Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

Latest Published Articles

Lower mini-sternotomy for atrial septal defect repair in a young African woman

April 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 2

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) as an alternative to the traditional full sternotomy approach has gained major interest in recent decades. Compared to conventional techniques, MICS has been associated with a shorter hospital stay, reduced risk of infection, and better cosmetic results. We report the case of a...

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Exploring the antimicrobial modulatory potential of the sap from oil palm tree

April 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 4

The sap from the oil palms (Elaeis guineensis), harbours complex microbiota and provides a rich source of therapeutic metabolites. This study investigated the antibacterial modulatory activity of sap from Elaeis guineensis on selected bacteria. To test how well the sap from the oil palm tree affects bacteria, the minimum...

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Evaluation of yellow common bean (Phaseolus vulgsaris L.) genotypes for resistance to anthracnose

April-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 2

Anthracnose, caused by the fungus Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, is a significant disease affecting common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). The identification of sources of anthracnose resistance within the yellow market class is crucial for developing yellow bean varieties resistant to anthracnose. The objective of this...

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Factors affecting farmers’ participation in contract farming: The case of soybean producers in the eastern corridor of the northern region of Ghana

April-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 2

Contract farming (CF) is gaining traction as a vital solution for improving the fortunes of Ghana's small-scale soybean farmers. Government and non-governmental organizations, such as the Savanna Farmers Marketing Company (SFMC), the Northern Development Authority (NDA), and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency...

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Seasonal variations in cryptococcosis diagnosis in the CeDReS laboratory of the University Hospital of Treichville in the era of HAART: A retrospective study from 2011 to 2018

January-June 2024 - Vol 15 Num. 1

Cryptococcal meningitis, the second leading cause of death in people living with advanced-stage HIV infection, was the focus of the current study aimed at assessing the features of patients with this condition at the CeDReS laboratory. Participants were individuals with confirmed diagnoses of cryptococcal meningitis...

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Building the future physiotherapist: Transcending boundaries to creative thinking

January-June 2024 - Vol 23 Num. 1

Disruptive and undetermined events continue to give a new outlook to industries, including that of healthcare. Failure to continuously renew and standardize approaches among organized professions in healthcare, like physiotherapy, will continue to give more power to alternative health marketplaces, widen the...

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Development of a contextualised physical activity programme to improve health outcomes among people living with HIV-related disability in Nigeria: A study protocol

January-June 2024 - Vol 23 Num. 1

Transitioning from a life-threatening infection resulting in acute illness to a long-term manageable condition implies that HIV management requires collaboration between primary care clinicians and rehabilitation teams. Recognized as an effective, safe, and beneficial health strategy, physical activity has been...

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Evaluation of soybean (Glycine max L.) varieties for yield performance and adaptability over different growing seasons at Tselemti District, Northern Ethiopia

April 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 4

A field experiment was carried out in 2015 and 2016 cropping season on ten soybean varieties using randomized complete block design. The aim is to evaluate soybean varieties for yield performance and adaptability considering number of days to 50% flowering, days to 95% maturity, plant height, pods per plant, plant height...

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Challenges faced by small scale sugarcane growers: An exploration of the impact of social unrest on sugarcane farming in Kwazulu-Natal

April 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 4

The South African sugar industry is considered by the South African Sugar Association (SASA) as one of the world’s leading cost competitive producers of high-quality sugar and contributes significantly to the national economy, sustainable development and creates mass employment in rural areas.  However,...

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Physico-chemical properties of irradiated fresh tomatoes

April 2024 - Vol 20 Num. 4

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of various levels of gamma irradiation on the physico-chemical composition of fresh tomatoes. Tomato samples were irradiated in a Co-60 gamma irradiator and maintained at 25 ± 2°C storage conditions. The experiment was designed with five treatments of radiation dose (0,...

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Use of long-lasting insecticidal nets as malaria preventive measure among children 5 years and below, attending the Tubah District Hospital

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

The use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) remains a key factor in preventing malaria among children under five years old. To investigate the effects of LLINs among this demographic, a study was conducted among children below five years of age attending Tubah district hospital. Data was collected over four months...

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Antioxidant and antibiofilm activity of Ageratum conyzoides L, and Bidens pilosa L against wound pathogens

April 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 3

Biofilm infections represent a significant challenge in the medical field due to escalating antibiotic resistance. Plants offer a promising avenue for addressing this issue, as they harbor a diverse array of phytochemicals with various biological activities, including antioxidant properties crucial for preventing biofilm...

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Effects of the use of piper betle l. leaf extract associated with adipose-derived stem cells on ulcers in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

April 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 3

Diabetic ulcers often present challenges in healing or may heal incompletely without the restoration of proper function. Piper betle L. is recognized as a valuable traditional medicine for treating open wounds due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its ability to stimulate fibroblast...

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Plant species composition, abundance, diversity, and threats affecting their survival in Kiang'ombe and Kianjiru hills of Embu County, Kenya

April-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 2

Forest cover loss is one of the major challenges facing Kenya; and there is insufficient data to guide sustainable biodiversity conservation stratagems. We determined the floristic and growth characteristics, plant species diversity, evenness, relative density, frequency, dominance, important value index, and indicators...

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Academic mentorship leadership practice and productivity of academics in public universities in Delta and Edo States, Nigeria

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

The study explores the relationship between academic mentorship and the productivity of academics in universities. Two questions and a hypothesis were raised to guide the study. The research design employed ex-post-facto methodology with a population of 3,492 academic staff. The stratified random sampling technique was...

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Prevalence and correlates of hypertension, diabetes, and cancer among HIV-infected adults in Guinea: Insights for healthcare policy in Sub-Saharan Africa

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, accounting for 71% of deaths worldwide in 2019. This trend extends to sub-Saharan Africa, where NCDs are expected to overtake infectious diseases by 2030 amid rapid urbanization, population growth, and changing lifestyles....

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Evaluation of Benz[A]anthracene-induced pulmonary toxicity in Rattus norvegicus

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

Benz[a]anthracene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) commonly found in the environment, capable of inducing an inflammatory response that may lead to pulmonary toxicity. Due to a lack of knowledge regarding the signs and pathological damages caused by benz[a]anthracene toxicity, there is a need to investigate its...

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Characterization of novel potential probiotic strains of lactic acid bacteria from rat faeces

March 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 3

This study aimed to isolate and characterise novel probiotic strains from the faeces of healthy albino Wistar rats. Lactic acid bacteria were isolated on MRS agar, and their probiotic properties were assessed through in vitro tests, including tolerance to simulated gastrointestinal juices, auto-aggregation assays, and...

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Mycoplasma galliscepticum: An overview

March 2024 - Vol 18 Num. 3

The prokaryotic microorganism Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) belongs to the phylum Firmicutes, the order Mycoplasmatales, the family Mycoplasmataceae, and the genus Mycoplasma. MG parasitizes the respiratory tract of various poultry species, causing a range of symptoms from indistinct features to tracheitis and air...

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Chlorine dioxide and chlorite as treatments for diabetic foot ulcers

January-June 2024 - Vol 16 Num. 1

The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising and is predicted to exceed 10% by 2030. Foot ulcers are a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus.  Existing treatments for diabetic foot ulcers are only partially effective and when these ulcers do not heal, amputation of the affected limb may result. It is...

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