Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 655

Table of Content: February 2013; 5(2)

February 2013

How accurate is triaxial RT3TM (RT3) accelerometer for estimating energy expenditure?

The participants are instructed to remove the RT3 only for sleeping, bathing and swimming activities but some studies have shown the participants remove the accelerometer for longer times. The activities performed while the accelerometer is not being worn and, or energy that was not recorded during this time has never been estimated. This study aimed to assess compliance in using the accelerometer and quantify the...

Author(s): Selma Liberato and Josefina Bressan

February 2013

Equity of care: A comparison of National Health Insurance Scheme enrolees and fee-paying patients at a private health facility in Ibadan, Nigeria

This study compared the cost and process of care for patients enrolled in the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to those who made out-of-pocket payments for health care. A cross-sectional analytical study design was used. Data were obtained from case files of patients. The study was conducted at a privately owned general hospital in the city of Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. A total of 200 NHIS enrollees and 200...

Author(s): Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen and Ige, Olusimbo Kehinde

February 2013

Results of a peer navigation pilot program to link HIV positive clients of harm reduction services with Ryan White Clinical Service Providers

Peer navigation programs may improve healthcare accessibility and adherence for hard-to-reach populations. We piloted a peer navigation program at 3 sites within the United States with the aim of linking HIV positive clients of harm reduction services with Ryan White Clinical Services. We compared navigator activity logs and client tracking forms to evaluate the efficacy of the peer navigation program and to determine...

Author(s): Rachel Hallum-Montes, Thekla Manoloudis, Rohan D’Souza, Cornell Wrisby, Barbara Cicatelli, Stefanie Cousins, Helen Rovito and Michael Anastario

February 2013

Environmental audit of a refuse dump site in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

The overall objective of this study was to perform an external compliance environmental audit of open refuse dumping at the Ugbor dump site by describing the physical and economic characteristics of the study area using a descriptive, cross sectional comparative study design. Data were collected via key informant interviews, focus group discussion,checklists and standardized measuring tapes. The major...

Author(s): Owoeye I. O. Gani and Okojie O. H.

February 2013

Asymptomatic bacteriuria among secondary school students in Benin City, Nigeria

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) is common, with varying prevalence by age and gender, amongst other factors. AB is more likely to develop to symptomatic urinary tract infection, thus, necessitating periodic review. This study aims to determine the prevalence of AB among secondary school students in Benin City. Etiologic agents and bacterial susceptibility will also be determined. Clean-catch mid-stream urine was obtained...

Author(s): Helen Oroboghae Ogefere and Sunday Ossai Oluka

February 2013

Individual and area-based socioeconomic influences on HIV seroprevalence in Cameroon

HIV infection prevalence shows strong regional variations in Cameroon, with the North West and the East as the most affected regions. Studies which have attempted to investigate the variation in HIV prevalence in Sub-Saharan countries found that the geographical heterogeneity in Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence between high and low prevalence areas still existed after considering the different distribution...

Author(s): Vescio, F., Cappelli, G., Foudà, P. J., Busani, L., Tchidjou, H., Colizzi, V. and Rezza, G.

February 2013

Plants associated with aquatic stages of Onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum sensu lato in AbuHamed and Galabat Foci in Sudan

Onchocerciasis vector, Simulium (Edwardsellum) damnsoum sensu lato (Diptera: Simuliidae), breeds near rapids and cataracts in running water rich in oxygen and are usually found attached to water plants, trailing roots and branches, stones and rocks. This study was conducted to identify the plant species associated with the aquatic stages of S. damnosum s. l. vectors in two foci: AbuHamed in...

Author(s): Isam M. A. Zarroug, Arwa H. Elaagip, Hanan A. Mohamed, Wigdan A. Mubarak, Kamal H. Osman, Tong Chor M. Deran, Nabil Aziz and A. D. Nugud

February 2013

Distribution of cancers in Zambia: Evidence from the Zambia National Cancer Registry (1990–2009)

The Zambia National Cancer Registry (ZNCR) data of 1990 to 2009 was analyzed with the aim of determining the distribution of cancers in Zambia in the 1990/2000 decades. A total number of 12891 cases of cancers were notified to ZNCR of which 4586 (36.6%) were for males. Most cases of cancers that were notified were for patients in the 25 years or older age group (21.9% among males in the 64 years or older age group, and...

Author(s): Cosmas Zyaambo, Selestine H. Nzala, Olusegun Babaniyi, Peter Songolo, Ellen Funkhouser and Seter Siziya

February 2013

Prevalence of dermatomycoses in tertiary health institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria

Studies on dermatophytes isolated from patients in tertiary health institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria were carried out between August, 2009 and January, 2011. Collection, isolation, characterization and identification of the isolated fungi were achieved using both conventional laboratory methods (in vitro culture and microscopy) and molecular techniques (Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction, Polymerase chain...

Author(s): Samuel, T. O., Adekunle, A. A. and Ogundipe, O.T.

February 2013

Improving surveillance for non-communicable diseases in the Eastern Region of Ghana - 2011

The incidence of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) is on the rise worldwide and Ghana continues to show an increasing trend especially for hypertension and diabetes. The NCDs surveillance system in Ghana was established through the District Health Information Management System in 2008 to detect and monitor morbidity, mortality and risk-factor trend for evidence-based public health decision making. However, it is not...

Author(s): Joseph Opare, C. Ohuabunwo, E. Agongo, E. Afari, S. Sackey and F. Wurapa