International Journal of
Peace and Development Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6621
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPDS
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 100

IJPDS Articles

Is the Eritrean Government a victim or a sponsor of Islamic extremism and terrorism?

August 2013

  The government of Eritrea stands accused by numerous United Nations reports as well as by neighbouring countries, of supporting and sponsoring Islamic insurgents in the Horn of Africa, yet it suppresses its home-grown Islamic insurgents at home. Most interestingly, the Eritrean government is dominated by Christians. This raises questions. What does the Christian-dominated government of Eritrea share or have...

Author(s): Alexius Amtaika and Mustafa Ahmed

Religion and social cohesion in Ethiopia

July 2013

  Ethiopia is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. It is also a home to multitude of ethnicities, religions and cultures. The country has been experimented with several political formations with mixed results. The recent transformation into a federal state has put religion, ethnicities and the nature of the federal state into direct confrontation with each other. Like many developing countries,...

Author(s): Tony Karbo

Siachen stalemate

July 2013

  Indian and Pakistani militaries have been occupying the Siachen Glacier and surrounding regions for decades. Although a cease-fire is in place since November 2003, continued occupation carries the risk of an inadvertent conflict, which could escalate into a full-fledged nuclear-backed confrontation. Political and military analysts in India, Pakistan and abroad now question the strategic significance...

Author(s): Sajad Padder

Contact, communication and compassion as stairways to peace: A holistic sociological perspective

May 2013

  This paper describes the attitudes of academic Israeli students of Jewish and Arab descent after having participated in diverse processes to promote cross-cultural empathic communication within special workshops and in regular academic courses. Grounded in a holistic planetary consciousness perspective, these experiences suggest that empathy, caring, loving and compassion, taken together as...

Author(s): Shulamit S. Gubkin

A perspective on public policies during the last dictatorship and the beginning of democracy in Argentina: The case of “Obras Sanitarias Sociedad de Estado Mar del Plata-Batán”

May 2013

  During the 1990’s Argentina was at the forefront of one of the most important privatization processes in the Western world. This breaking down of the old, post-war Intervention State began in the 1980’s when this state was in clear decline. The purpose of this paper is to explore the first privatization attempts which -unlike the following privatizations- caused great...

Author(s): Geraci Fontana, Augusto, Luchini Pedro Luis Horni, Agustina and McQueen, Amelia Teresa

Conflict zone and developmental issues faced by youth: “A study from Kashmir”

February 2013

  Conflict in any of its forms affects the human beings; Youth are the future leaders of any nation and impact of conflict hampers their efficiency of work and thinking; this study looks at the issues faced by the youth of Kashmir due to ongoing conflict, arose by infiltration after 1989. A study on youth aging between 15 to 30 years was conducted in three conflicted affected districts of Kashmir....

Author(s): M. Mudasir Naqshbandi and Wakar Amin

The mutual determinants of individual, community, and societal health and peace

February 2013

  Health and peace are complex ideologies that share several fundamental elements. In this paper, we begin by defining health and peace to better understand and appreciate their elements and how they can be promoted. Building on this, the paper tackles the determinants of peace and health at various levels: at the individual, community, and societal level by identifying barriers to health and peace promotion....

Author(s): Izzeldin Abuelaish and Nadia Fazal

Women in the informal sector: Evidence from Southwestern Ethiopia

December 2012

  The major objective of this study is to assess the status of women in the informal sector with particular emphasis in south western Ethiopia. The study was carried out in Gomma Woreda of southwestern Ethiopia. In this study primary data sources were used. In the research it was found that there is statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between religion, education, ethnicity and type of...

Author(s): Ebisa Deribie

U.S. Aid falls short in the social, political and economic advancement of Afghan women

December 2012

  In this article, the author addresses the effect of USAID investments in educational programs offered to Afghan women and how this investment is falling short in its goal to assist females in securing leadership opportunities that allow them to participate in decision making activity. Annual gross domestic product (GDP) data is reviewed along with the results of newly implemented quota systems in Afghanistan...

Author(s): René S. Ryman

Communal conflict and resource development in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

November 2012

  Communal conflicts and violence have become a plague that has eaten deep into the fabric of Nigerian economy. These conflicts result from different value systems, aggressive competition for environmental resources and ethnic/identity crisis amongst others. In the study area, several communal clashes abound. The major consequence of this bloody communal clashes have been an outright reduction in the livelihood...

Author(s): Ikurekong E. E., Udo Anietie Sunday and Esin J. O.

Political economy of the new slave trade in Africa

November 2012

  A macro analysis of various inquiry into the nature and causes of Africa’s crises may revealed a continent placed on perpetual slavery. From trans-Atlantic slave trade to colonialism; from colonialism to flag independence and Neo Colonialism; from trade imperialism to human trafficking; from the rampaging momentum of globalization to erosion of African culture and communal morality; from...

Author(s): Azeez O. Olaniyan and A. I. Aladegbola

The nexus between labor reallocation and sectoral productivities in Pakistan: 1980 to 2007

October 2012

  This paper empirically studies the labor allocation between rural and urban sectors due to economic growth in one of the least developed economies, Pakistan. The paper adopts a time-series analysis from 1980 to 2007, to study the causal impact of sectoral productivities on labor reallocation among sectors. The results indicate that labor productivity in manufacturing induces labor mobility from agriculture to...

Author(s): Babur Wasim Arif

Post-conflict operations of local governments in dispute resolution in Northern Uganda

October 2012

  Conflicts destroy the social fabric of communities by reducing the ability of people to trust their government and their neighbors. In situations where the conflict has been sustained over decades, as in Northern Uganda, basic levels of trust between individuals, between communities and towards the government have been severely fractured. In the post-conflict period one of the crucial tasks towards providing...

Author(s): Katie Missimer

Quest for internal party democracy in Nigeria: Amendment of electoral act 2010 as an albatross

May 2012

  The conduct of a credible election has been hinged on many factors. One of them is a well-developed internal party democracy. This assertion underscores the quest for internal democracy among the various political parties in Nigeria. Before the enactment of the Electoral Act 2010, stakeholders had argued that Nigeria needs an Electoral law that will incorporate procedures / steps that will guarantee internal...

Author(s): Itua Paul Okhaide

Idiosyncrasies of labour market

March 2012

  The present study explores the various attributes of labour market with an extensive literature support. The peculiarities of labour market distinguish it from other conventional markets. Studies have observed that labour market loses its market clearing characteristics due to its opaque nature and uncertain outcomes. With inherent complexities and rigidities, it is not possible to attain an equilibrium...

Author(s): K. R. Pillai

Migration and policymaking initiatives as appeals to national crises: The Zimbabwean case

March 2012

  Migration and policymaking questions have become topical issues in regional and international debates, conferences and policies. In July 2010, the Zimbabwean government in consultation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) enacted the National Migration Management and Diaspora Policy (NMMDP) to harness the fundamental and meaningful contributions by the diaspora population to national...

Author(s): Gift Masengwe and Francis Machingura

Differential reaction patterns to September 11th’s events

February 2012

  A quasi-exploratory field study examined the possible differential psychological responses of American (n = 82) and international (n = 50) samples located in the US, to the events of September 11th collected six months after the attack. Comparing two views on the psychological effects of acts of terrorism on the target population, it was hypothesized that the direct target population (American) and the...

Author(s): Leehu Zysberg and Anna Zisberg

Tackling terrorism in Pakistan

February 2012

  Terrorism has become a nuisance for all the citizens of the world especially since the terrorism has taken the form of suicide attacks; this is a phenomenon that cannot be dealt with force. Imagine that a person so motivated that he or she is not afraid to die will eventually end up causing massive destruction. Here in this paper, we discuss the possibilities that can be used to reduce this threat as much as...

Author(s): Fauzan Saeed, Mustafa Rahid, Haris Zikr-ul Rehman, Salman Mobin and Shaheer Ahmed

Impact of political violence and trauma in Gaza on children’s mental health and types of interventions: A review of research evidence in a historical context

November 2011

  Children of Gaza have been subject to a wide range of traumatic and violent events over the last few decades, which, when considered alongside other risk factors such as gender, socio-economic status and previous mental health history, have led to significant psychosocial problems. This paper provides a review of research findings from across the territories to reveal high levels of mental health problems,...

Author(s):   Thabet A. A. and Panos Vostanis    

Reshaping mind and behaviour: Media and its impacts

November 2011

  India, the land of diverse cultural traditions and rituals, where women were once considered to be ‘avatars’ of goddesses are now either being  victimized by the continual curse of domestic violence , or as a perpetrator of violent criminal activities. The present paper seeks to find from the available literature resources if the mass media actually plays the role of a catalytic source to...

Author(s):   Sre Yadav and Smita Jha    

Pre-service teacher training for peace education

September 2011

  Peace education is more effective and meaningful when adopted according to the social and cultural context and the needs of a country. It should be enriched by its cultural and spiritual values together with the universal human values. It should also be globally relevant. In order for peace education to become a regular inclusion and curriculum expectation within schools, nations and worldwide, teachers must...

Author(s):   Lokanath Mishra      

Assessing the effectiveness of the alternative dispute resolution mechanism in the Alavanyo-Nkonya conflict in the Volta region of Ghana

September 2011

  Conflict resolution in Ghana has taken centre stage in the last decade with efforts geared towards developing alternative and acceptable mechanisms for dealing with the country’s numerous conflicts. One of such mechanisms that has been given prominence is the alternative dispute resolution mechanism. This research was therefore set out to add its voice to this advocacy by investigating the effectiveness...

Author(s):   Perpertua Francisca Midodzi and Imoro, Razak Jaha      

The geopolitics of actuality

September 2011

  The recent declaration of the “end of geography” and the so-called “de-territorialization of political space”, which results from a combination of revolutionised information technology and a globalized market economy, as well as the free movement of capital beyond borders raises the question of whether scientific enthusiasm can, at times, overshadow scientific prudence. In the face of...

Author(s):   Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh      

Fiscal regulation and expenditure pattern in Maharashtra State

July 2011

  The Fiscal Responsibility and Budgetary Management Act of 2004 has improved state finances of Maharashtra, India. It has also reduced fiscal deficit for the state. The sources of income from various state own tax revenue have increased except other taxes on income and expenditure. There is further scope for improving sources of state own tax revenue. After the FRBM Act, the development expenditure on...

Author(s):   Sanjay Rode    

Integrating women and gender issues in peace development

July 2011

  The last couple of decades have witnessed great changes in the nature of conflict globally. Consequently, the scope of peacekeeping and development operations have widened considerably. The mandates now cover a vast variety of responsibilities, such as promoting human security, supporting power-sharing arrangements and elections, strengthening the rule of law, monitoring respect of human rights and promoting...

Author(s):   Fapohunda Tinuke M.    

Effects of cognitive restructuring and communication skills training on conflict resolution among Nigerian couples

July 2011

  The study investigated “Effects of cognitive restructuring skills training (CRT) and communication skills training (CST) on conflict resolution among Nigerian couples. Two behavioural techniques, CRT and CST, and a combination of the two techniques were used on conflicting subjects who had marital problems in Aba metropolitan city of Abia State, Nigeria. The study employed a 4 × 2 factorial design...

Author(s):   Christopher Kalu Okwun    

Holistic frontiers in peace and health research

June 2011

  Drawing from broad social-cultural-ecological theoretical frameworks, an adaptive model of peace and health research is seen as increasing individual and collective self-efficacy. By locating a path to individual and collective responsibility, situated at the junction of social justice, peace and health, research has the potential to enhance adaptive capacity across scales of human organization, and to set...

Author(s):   Izzeldin Abuelaish and Nancy C. Doubleday        

Philosophical principles in the Shona traditional court system

June 2011

  The paper examines the philosophical principles employed in the Shona traditional court system. Premised on the theoretical framework of philosophical sagacity and basing on ethnographic study of actual traditional Shona court sessions in selected Zimbabwean rural areas, the paper traces the logical, epistemic and ethical basic principles used in the Shona court system. Logical principles such as the...

Author(s):   Ephraim Taurai Gwaravanda    

Perceived teacher and parental acceptance-rejection, and the academic achievement, adjustment, and behavior of children: Literature review

June 2011

  Parental acceptance-rejection theory (PARTheory) is a socialization theory which attempts to predict and explain major causes, consequences and other correlates of parental acceptance-rejection globally. Academic achievement and psychological adjustment have long been of concern to educators, parents and policymakers. Researchers have explored variables which interact between parental acceptance-rejection and...

Author(s):   Sumbleen Ali    

Early Portuguese imperialism: Using the Jesuits in the Mutapa Empire of Zimbabwe

April 2011

  The Mutapa Empire (Mwene Mutapa) or in Portuguese, ‘Monomotapa’, also known as ‘Great Zimbabwe’, was a mediaeval kingdom (1250  to 1629) which was located between the Zambeziand Limpopo Rivers of Southern Africa in an area which currently includes the modern states ofZimbabwe and Mozambique. In the sixteenth century, it was considered a strategic...

Author(s):   A. Nicolaides    

Natural vascular floristic composition of Banaras Hindu University, India: An overview

April 2011

  The naturally occurring vascular flora of the main campus of Banaras Hindu University spreading over an area of 1,300 acres was analyzed. A total of 329 vascular plant species were reported in the campus of which only 5 were Pteridophytes and the remaining 324 species were Angiosperms. No natural occurrence of gymnosperms was reported from the University Campus. Angiosperms were represented by 76 families of...

Author(s):   Arvind Singh    

Common factors related to chronic occupational distress among special education teaching staff in Montenegro

April 2011

  The aim of this study was to determine common occupational or specific work-place organizational and individual key factors, which are most troublesome stressors for occupations in the field of special education (teachers, nurses, special education teachers). The study included 224 participants who were employed as special education teaching staff at each five Montenegro public institutions for persons who...

Author(s):   Pranjić N. and Grbović M.,        

Framing the Bahamian developmental state: An alternative policy package to neoliberal failure

April 2011

  This paper examines the possibility of a proactive role for the Bahamian state in support of the country’s national development: A case of a small open economy with a colonial past in a globalised economy. The first part provides a critical evaluation of the Bahamian economic development and trade during the last four decades. The discussion in this section relies mainly on the performance of the...

Author(s):   Nikolaos Karagiannis and Zagros Madjd-Sadjadi      

Effects of “islamaphobia” on Muslim immigrants and their advocates

March 2011

  The so-called “war on terrorism” that the United States has declared as a response to the 9/11 tragedy has affected Muslim-Americans, perhaps more than any other group. Many of these people are victims of what may be called “islamaphobia” the fear or suspicion of Muslims or those who appear to be of middle-eastern origin. As a result, many Muslims avoid disclosing their heritage,...

Author(s):   Thomas W. Donovan    

Development studies discourse: How gender-sensitive are sustainable livelihood frameworks?

March 2011

  Over the last two decades development studies professionals are drawing on Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) framework to understand the various livelihood strategies available to rural people. The unadventurous development top-down approaches identify only ‘one’ livelihood strategy in the form of ‘employment’ that supports them. This paper discusses the SL frameworks from the viewpoints of...

Author(s):   Frank S. Arku and Cynthia Arku        

Past and present status of the Mexican state

March 2011

  Actually, a desolating panorama is lived: State empowerment by the transnational power, lost sovereignty, violence and rise of the offer of criminality, extreme poverty and increasing inequality, absence of transparent and efficient markets and increasing of the informal economy, it is precisely in Latin American where there have been efforts to slow it down, out of the financial worldwide scheme, although...

Author(s):   Carlos E. Massé Narváez    

Evaluation of a community intervention for women victims of domestic violence in the Gaza strip

March 2011

  A range of therapeutic interventions and services for victims of domestic violence have been reported and evaluated in recent years, mostly in western countries. There is less knowledge on the impact of such programmes in developing countries, in particular those exposed to political conflict at the same time. The aim of this study was to establish the short-term impact of a community intervention of group...

Author(s):   A. A. Thabet, A. Abu Tawahina, Eyad El Sarraj and Panos Vostanis        

Obama and Woods: “Master Tacticians”1 in a supposed post-racial world

February 2011

  This essay examines and critiques Obama’s racial and political identity, comparing and contrasting it to another matchless man of color, Tiger Woods in a supposed post-racial world. This short essay is a critique: it interrogates Obama and Woods’ motivations in regard to how they both (dis)similarly frame their racial identities. Specifically, this essay will charge both Obama and Woods as being...

Author(s):   Nicholas D. Hartlep    

Exploring the reality in which members of the teaching profession are immersed in Argentina: A case study

February 2011

  The concept of teachers’ precarious working conditions refers to the pressures and adjustments suffered, during the last decades, in public schools in Argentina. The Neo-liberal project influenced all aspects of public and social life, such as health, education and working rights; deteriorated the conditions under which those sectors function; and destabilized labor structurally. The pressure exercised...

Author(s):   Augusto Geraci, Pedro Luis Luchini and Lucia Rolón        

Female households and poverty: A case study of Faisalabad District

February 2011

  This study shows the relationship between female-headed households, male household and poverty in the two Tehisils of District Faisalabad. Eighty response clients were interviewed. Compare means; regressions and the binary Logit  regressions analysis are used to detect the relationship between female household, male household and the factors that affect the possibility towards poverty. Linear...

Author(s):   Zahoor Hussain Javed and  Ayesha Asif        

Creating space for community-based conservation initiatives (CBCLs) in conventional academics

February 2011

  Government promoted protected areas (PAs), and large integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) such as joint forest management (JFM) are normally mentioned as the only means of conservation and locals are mentioned as the sourcewhere 'biotic pressure' comes from in most of the curricula which could make the professional conservation biologists and policy makers biased and may...

Author(s):   Kanna Kumar S., Sweta Mishra and Kameswara Rao K.      

Natural vascular floristic composition of Banaras Hindu University, India: An overview

January 2011

  The naturally occurring vascular flora of the main campus of Banaras Hindu University spreading over an area of 1,300 acres was analyzed. A total of 329 vascular plant species were reported in the campus of which only 5 were Pteridophytes and the remaining 324 species were Angiosperms. No natural occurrence of gymnosperms was reported from the University Campus. Angiosperms were represented by 76 families of...

Author(s):   Arvind Singh      

Analysis of adoption of improved maize varieties among farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria

January 2011

  The study focuses on the analysis of socio-economic factors that influence the adoption of improved maize varieties among farmers. The specific objectives are to identify the available new maize varieties in the study area, sources of information on new maize varieties, determine the extent to which the farmers are aware of the improved maize varieties, the influence of socio-economic characteristics of...

Author(s):   Kudi, T. M, Bolaji, M. Akinola M.O and Nasa’I D.H        

Peace and security education: A critical factor for sustainable peace and national development

January 2011

  Peace and security of life and property has been recognized by scholars and citizens as the primary condition for progress and development of any society. Meanwhile, there is a clear linkage between poor governance on one hand and insecurity and violent conflict on the other. But there are many dimensions of peace including negative peace (absence of direct violence) and positive peace (absence of...

Author(s):   Otive Igbuzor    

East Asia summit: Interests and expectations

December 2010

Ever since the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) formation, many attempts have been made to promote regionalism particularly in East Asia with an inclusion of Southeast Asia. As was propagated, the idea of ‘Look East Policy’ was in the cards for a long time and Mohathir Mohammed was also blaming Japan for not looking at the East Asian countries. By the end of the Cold War, the geopolitical...

Author(s): G. Jayachandra Reddy    

Pakistan in Regional and Global Politics

December 2010

Author(s): Salma Malik 

Elite corruption and the culture of primitive accumulation in 21st century Nigeria

November 2010

  Nigeria is often perceived as the ‘giant of Africa’ by most Africans, perhaps, because of its remarkable achievements in the continent in the past three decades. Today, the same country is looked upon by the rest of the world as a ‘crippled’ giant, a veritable modern wasteland, a nation where corruption is extolled as a national culture, tradition; as a nation of business scams and...

Author(s): Chris C. Ojukwu and J. O. Shopeju

Domestic rebellion in Africa: Between intelligence failures and the failure of governance

November 2010

  Political rebellion has remained a major staple of Africa’s political economy. The rebellion is multifaceted and multifarious. Consequently, several explanations are competing for attention in the literatures. This paper examines the upsurge of political rebellion in Africa in the recent time. It argues that the surge and spread of political rebellion in Africa is largely a function of the failure of...

Author(s): I. S. Ogundiya

Wars and the current crisis in the American economy

October 2010

  The purpose of this paper is to explain clearly that the recent economic crisis in the U.S. economy is grounded in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq aimed at controlling world oil and the globe. These goals reflect the dominance of militarism, of oil corporations, and of the financiers represented by the Federal Reserve (Fed). These institutions represent the dominant triangle of the American higher-plane...

Author(s):   Adil H. Mouhammed    

Gender differences in anxiety among Pakistani survivors of suicide bomb blast

October 2010

  This research investigated gender differences in anxiety among Pakistani survivors of suicide bomb blast. The sample was composed of 150 adult residents of Islamabad. 75 participants were live-witnesses of the Marriott hotel suicide bomb blast and 75 participants did not witness it ï€ªBurns Anxiety Inventory (BAI, 1999) was individually administered to all the research participants after getting written...

Author(s):   Yasmin Nilofer Farooqi, Sidra Tariq and David D. Burns      

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