African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4188

Full Length Research Paper

Challenges and opportunities for export trade facilitation practices in Ethiopia

Yimam Ousman Mohammed
  • Yimam Ousman Mohammed
  • Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science, Department of Management,Samsun, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 January 2019
  •  Accepted: 04 May 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2022


Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Association (AACCSA) (2016). Export documentation in Ethiopia. Available at:



ACAPS (2012). Qualitative and Quantitative Research Techniques for Humanitarian Needs Assessment: An Introductory Brief. Unpublished, ACAPS project.


Alberto P, Wilson J (2012). Export Performance and Trade Facilitation Reform: Hard and Soft Infrastructure. Journal of World Development 40(7):1295-1307.


Amal N (2012). Trade Facilitation in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and Progress. Unpublished, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa: African Trade Policy Centre.


Andrew G (2007). Customs and Trade Facilitation: From Concepts to Implementation. World Customs Journal 2(1):17-30.


Arvis J, Duval Y, Shepherd B, Utoktham C (2013). Trade costs in the developing world: 1995- 2010. World Bank Policy Research, Working Paper, No. 6309.


Asian Development Bank (2013). Designing and implementing trade Facilitation in Asia and the pacific. No: BKK135494-2, ISBN 978-92-9254-200-9.


Ben S (2009). Enhancing export diversification through trade facilitation. Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade Policy brief, Brief No. 19.


Beverelli C, Neumueller S, Teh R (2015). Export diversification effects of the WTO trade facilitation agreement. World Development 76:293-310.


Chen N, Novy D (2009). International trade integration: a disaggregated approach. Available at:


Debapriya B, Syed S (2006). An Evaluation of the Need and Cost of Selected Trade Facilitation Measures in Bangladesh: Implications for the WTO Negotiations on Trade Facilitation. Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade Working Paper Series, No. 9, April 2006 (rev. 8/06).


Djankov S, Freund C, Pham CS (2010). Trading on time. The Review of Economics and Statistics 92:166-173.


Hahu Daily News (2015). Ethiopia's second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP-II). Addis Aababa, Ethiopia. Hahu Daily News. Available at:



Hausman WH, Lee HL, Subramanian U (2013). The impact of logistics performance on trade. Production and Operations Management 22(2):236-252.


Hanouz MD, Geiger T, Doherty S (2014). The global enabling trade report 2014. In World Economic Forum (WEF): Geneva.


Herald (2015). Managing stakeholder relationships. Available at:



Hoekman B, Nicita A (2010). Assessing the Doha Round: market access, transactions costs, and aid for trade facilitation. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development 9(1):65-79.


International Finance Corporation (IFC) (2012). Benefits of trade facilitation. Available at:



JICA (2013). JICA-Development Challenges in Africa Towards 2050.



John W (2015). Ethiopia: World Bank Report. Africa Research Bulletin: Economic, Financial and Technical Series, 52(11): 21058A-21059A.


Kothari CR (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. Second edition, New Age International Publisher, Jaipur, India.


Li Y, Wilson J (2009). Time as a determinant of comparative advantage. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5128.


Marcus H (2003). Trade Facilitation from a Developing Country Perspective. Unpublished. The National Board of Trade, Stockholm, Sweden.


McLinden G, Fanta E, Widdowson D, Doyle T (2011). Border management modernization. Unpublished World Bank, Washington, D.C.


Moise E, Orliac T, Minor P (2011). Trade facilitation indicators: The impact on trade costs (No. 118). OECD Publishing.


Peng B (2009). Enhancing export competitiveness through trade facilitation in Asia: Unpublished. Trade and Investment Division, ESCAP.


Persson M (2012). From trade preferences to trade facilitation: Taking stock of the issues. Economics 6(1):20120017.


Research Advisors (2006). Sample Size Table. Available at:



Sandford I, Temby I (2010). Customs in the Regional Trade Agreements of Australia and New Zealand: efforts to improve customs instruments and develop trade. Global Trade and Customs Journal 5 (11/12):445-459.


Tetyana S (2012). Evaluating the Validity and Reliability of the Diversity Icebreaker Questionnaire. Unpublished, MBA thesis, Centre for Applied Statistics and Economics, School of Business and Economics, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.


The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (2012). Export trade duty incentive schemes proclamation. Federal Negarit Gazeta, No 62, proclamation no 768/2012.


The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Ethiopian Office (2014). Data collection survey on export promotion in Ethiopia. Unpublished, Ethiopian Inclusive Financial Training and Research Institution (EIFTRI).


The United Nation conference on Trade and Development (2011). The technical note on trade facilitation measures. Unpublished, UNCTAD, symbol, UNCTAD/DTL/TLB/2010/1.


The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) (2004). Case Studies on Implementing a Single Window to enhance the efficient exchange of information between trade and government.


The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) (2005). Recommendation and Guidelines on establishing a Single Window to enhance the efficient exchange of information between trade and government. Recommendation No. 33.


Tilahun E (2014). Trade Facilitation in Ethiopia: The Role of WTO Accession in Domestic Reform. Mizan Law Review 8(1):145-189.


Tsegaye T, Endris N (2012). The impact of border clearance procedures on the cost of doing business in Ethiopia. Unpublished Private Sector Development Hub/Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectorial Associations, 2011.


United Nations Conference for Trade Agreements and Development (2006). National Facilitation Bodies: Lessons from Experience. Trade facilitation handbook: part I, UNCTAD/SDTE/TLB/2005/1.


Uzzaman MA, Yusuf MA (2011). The role of Customs and other agencies in trade facilitation in Bangladesh: hindrances and ways forward. World Customs Journal 5(1):29-42.


Wilson N (2007). Examining the trade effect of certain customs and administrative procedures. Unpublished, OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 42.


World Bank (2014). Trading across border. Available at:



World Bank Group (2016). Trading across Borders Questionnaire: doing business 2016. Available at:



World Trade Organization (2015). Speeding up trade: benefits and challenges of implementing the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement. World Trade organization Annual Repport, World Trade Report, 2015.


Zaki C (2014). An empirical assessment of the trade facilitation initiative: econometric evidence and global economic effects. World Trade Review 13:103-130.