Molecular characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Gambella region, Southwest Ethiopia
The information on the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in certain geographic region is needed for a better understanding of epidemiology of TB and could have implications for development of new diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines. The aim of this study was to provide information on the strains of M. tuberculosis circulating in Gambella region. Cross-sectional study was conducted for six months (November...
Morphological, physiological and biochemical characterizations of some soil isolates of Bacillus cereus group from Algeria
Bacillus cereus is a group of bacteria frequently found in soil, widely distributed in the environment. They are a group of ubiquitously facultative anaerobic spore-forming Gram-positive rods and are of health and economic benefits. The present study was conducted to identify, characterize about 36 B. cereus and examined for their potential plant growth promoting (PGP), which was tested in vitro. Parameters assessed...
Isolation of Salmonella species and some other gram negative bacteria from rats cohabitating with poultry in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
The aim of this study was to isolate Salmonella species and other enteric bacteria in rats cohabiting with poultry; in order to consider the potential role of rats in their transmissions to poultry and humans. Four hundred samples comprising 200 oral swabs and 200 anal swabs were collected from rats cohabiting with poultry from 5 local government areas in Ibadan. The samples were subjected to standard bacteriological...
Mycorrhiazal association in relation to soil properties and plant species density in Sidama of Southern Ethiopia
In Sidama, agroforestry represents land-use systems with deliberate management of multipurpose trees and shrubs that grow in intimate association with annual and perennial agricultural crops and/or livestock. The interaction of microbiota with the trees, shrubs and crops make the system fertile, productive and sustainable. One of the beneficial microbiota which has symbiotic association with most of the plants in...
Inhibitory activity of Trichoderma viride against Phytophthora infestans that affects the Spunta potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) variety
The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a tuberous herbaceous plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. Several biotic and abiotic factors affecting its production include fungi such as mildew. In this present work, we proposed to evaluate the antagonistic power of Trichoderma viride against parasite Phytophthora infestans of potato tubers. We conducted two tests; for the first, in confrontation in-vitro, the direct...