African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 805

Table of Content: July 2014; 8(7)

July 2014

Drought stress and its intensity, the factor of strategies selection for drought tolerance in Haloxylon aphyllum

Osmotic parameters of Haloxylon aphyllum were studied after inducing dryness. Water relations parameters with improving resistance to dryness of this species through inducing severe dryness and clarification of physiologic mechanisms of this plant in response to a low water and dryness were among the objectives of this study. For this purpose, the method of pressure chamber was employed. By this method, the...

Author(s): Naser Arabzadeh

July 2014

Chemical profiles as chemotaxonomic tools for Loranthaceae in Nigeria

The Loranthaceae species are widespread throughout most regions of the world, and are used for various medicinal and ethnopharmacological purposes. However, the species vary in their pharmacological activity, sometimes in correlation with the species from same ecological region or host plant, due to variation in the chemical profiles. This has led to great emphasis on caution in identification and collection for use....

Author(s): Jemilat Aliyu Ibrahim, Henry Omoreige Egharevba, Ibrahim Iliya, Florence Tarfa and Abiodun Emmanuel Ayodele

July 2014

Efficacy of leaf extracts of some medicinal plants on growth of Colletotrichum capsici butler and bisby

Attempts were made to determine the effect of leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica, Ocimum sanctum, Tridex procumbens, Clerodendron innermis, Cathranthus roseus, Ricinus communis, Citrus limon against Colletotrichum capsici. Out of these medicinal plants tested, 15% alcoholic extract of Azadirachta indica and O. sanctum was found inhibitory for the growth of Colletotrichum capsici. The results show that extracts from...

Author(s): Shinde J. U. and D. U. Gawai

July 2014

Effects of crude extracts on some selected physiological parameters of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) infected with rust (Uromyces appendiculatus)

Rust (Uromyces appendiculatus) is a major foliar disease that reduces yield and pod quality in beans. The field trial of French beans was established at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT). Single plant extracts and combinations of Boscia angustifolia, Zanthoxylum chalybeum and Melea volkensii were used to evaluate their effect on U. appendiculatus in the field. During the growing period,...

Author(s): Menge D. M. S., Makobe M., Monda E. O. and Okemo P. O.

July 2014

Fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Chrysophyllum albidum (G.Don)

The fatty acid composition of seed oil of Chrysophyllum albidum was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). The seed oil contained much important fatty acids with linoleic (26.21%) and palmitic (14.41%) acids being the most abundant unsaturated and saturated fatty acids, respectively. The total unsaturation for the oil was 67.61%. These results confirm that the oil of C. albidum is of industrial...

Author(s): Paul M. Osamudiamen and Lukman O. Afolabi

July 2014

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Debre Libanos Wereda, Central Ethiopia

An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Debre Libanos Wereda, in central Ethiopia, was carried out from October 2008 to June 2009. A total of 60 informants were interviewed that include knowledgeable farmers, monks, nuns, herbalist farmers and full time herbalists. A total of 83 medicinal plants classified under 77 genera and 46 families were collected. Asteraceae were the most prominent family (7) species and...

Author(s): Seyoum Getaneh and Zerihun Girma

July 2014

Community structure, regeneration potential and future dynamics of natural forest site in part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Uttarakhand, India

Realizing the overarching values of forests and considering their depletion at unprecedented rate, conservation of forests has emerged as the prime objective across the globe. Forest vegetation of Pindari-Sunderdhunga-Kafni (PSK), a protected area, part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in west Himalaya was analyzed for structure, composition and development of future compositional patterns. Forest vegetation surveys were...

Author(s): Balwant Rawat, Sanjay Gairola, K. Chandra Sekar and R. S. Rawal

July 2014

Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of essential oils and Croton’s varieties modulator in the Brazilian’s Northeast semiarid

This study aimed to analyze the chemical composition and evaluate the antibacterial activity of essential oils and modulator of Croton heliotropiifolius Kunth and Croton blanchetianus Baill. The oils were obtained with distilled water and their components identified with GC/MS. Eucalyptol (16.9%), β-caryophyllene (15.9%) and germacrene-D (14.5%) for C. heliotropiifolius and cedrol (28.4%), eucalyptol (17, 4%) and...

Author(s): Elissandra C. Angélico, Onaldo G. Rodrigues, José G. M. da Costa, Maria de Fátima A. Lucena, Vicente Queiroga Neto and Rosália Severo de Medeiros