International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 531

Full Length Research Paper

Allele and genotype frequencies of cytochrome P450 2B6 and 2C19 genetic polymorphisms in the Nigerian populations: Possible implication on anti-retroviral and anti-malarial therapy

Benjamin U. Ebeshi
  • Benjamin U. Ebeshi
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
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Oluseye O. Bolaji
  • Oluseye O. Bolaji
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
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Collen M. Masimirembwa
  • Collen M. Masimirembwa
  • African Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology (AiBST), Harare, Zimbabwe.
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  •  Accepted: 07 December 2010
  •  Published: 30 June 2011

Abstract

 

The study was carried out to investigate the distribution of polymorphic CY2B6 andCYP2C19 alleles and genotype frequencies in the three major Nigeria ethnic groups in order to evaluate their implications on therapeutic outcome. Three hundred unrelated subjects from the three major Nigerian ethnic groups of Hausa, Ibo and Yoruba who consented to the study were genotyped for CYP2B6*6CYP2C19*2 and *3 alleles using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) and DNA sequencing techniques. The frequencies of the CYP2B6*6 poor metabolizer (PM) genotype (15631G>T (Q172H) and/or 18053A>G (K262R) were not significantly different (p>0.05) occurring at 21% in Hausa, 17% in Ibo and 17% in Yoruba while the corresponding allele frequencies were 42, 36, and 42%, respectively. The frequencies of the CYP2C19 PM genotype (CYP2C19*2/*2) were significantly different (p>0.05) and found to be 2.1% in Hausa, 8% in Ibo, and 0% in Yoruba, while for the intermediate metabolizer (IM) genotype (CYP2C19*1/*2), the frequencies were 20.6, 41.6 and 20.8%, respectively. The defective CYP2C19*3 allele, prevalent in oriental populations, was not detected in this study. The CYP2B6*6 allele frequency was being evaluated for the first time in Nigerian populations with no significant variation amongst the three major ethnic groups but occurs at a high frequency. The PM genotype of frequency,CYP2C19*2/*2 showed significant variations in Nigerian populations, especially the 8% found in the Ibos.

 

Key words: Genetic polymorphisms, CYP2B6, CY2C19, genotyping, Nigerian populations.