International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 531

Full Length Research Paper

Staphylococcus aureus isolated from septic caesaerean wound at Ile Ife Nigeria: Antibiotics susceptibility patterns

Adekunle Odunayo Adejuwon
  • Adekunle Odunayo Adejuwon
  • Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Information Technology and Applied Sciences, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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David Ogunkanmbi
  • David Ogunkanmbi
  • Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Mary Adejumoke Bisi–Johnson
  • Mary Adejumoke Bisi–Johnson
  • Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Bridget Oluwatoyin Fadeyi
  • Bridget Oluwatoyin Fadeyi
  • Department of Nursing, Faculty of Information Technology and Applied Sciences, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Oyinade Aina Agboola
  • Oyinade Aina Agboola
  • Department of Physical and Health Education, Adeyemi College of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ondo State, Nigeria
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Adebanke Oluwatosin Adejuwon
  • Adebanke Oluwatosin Adejuwon
  • Department of Human Nutrition, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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  •  Accepted: 11 March 2011
  •  Published: 30 May 2011

Abstract

 

Strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from a 36-year old woman presented with septic caesaerean wound. The isolates were Gram positive, catalase positive, coagulase positive; heamolysed blood plasma and liquefied gelatin. However, they were methyl red and Voges Proskaur test negative and fermented sugars with acid production. They produced gas only in glucose and lactose. Some of the strains were susceptible to cephalexin, (a first generational cephalosporin), clindamycin (lincosamides), septrin (sulphanamide and trimethoprin), norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin (fluroquinolones) at varying degrees. All the strains were resistant to gentamycin and totally susceptible to drovid. This resistance to antibiotics might have arisen as a result of antibiotics prophylaxis prior to surgery, cross contamination of the wound surface during post surgical wound dressing or from health care personnels.

 

Key words: Staphylococcus aureus, septic caesaerean wound, antibiotic resistance, antibiotics susceptibility.