International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2570

Full Length Research Paper

Detection and wavelet analysis of acoustic emission signal from partial discharge captured by multimode optical fiber and piezoelectric sensors in insulation oil

M. M. Yaacob1, M. A. Alsaedi1*, R. Abdul Rahman2, N. Bidin3, Wajaht Maqbool1, Nasir A. Al-geelani1 and R. Hosseinian3
1Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. 2The Institute of Advanced Photonic Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. 3Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 May 2013
  •  Published: 09 June 2013


High-voltage transformer is the most critical and expensive component in a power system network in order to ensure the stability of the system. Partial discharge (PD) detection is a technique widely used for high voltage equipment insulation condition monitoring and assessment. In this paper, the characteristics of two acoustic sensors multimode fiber optical (FO) and piezoelectric (PZT) sensor have been successfully explored and monitor the condition of high voltage equipment insulation. Both the sensors were placed in an oil tank in which optical breakdown was produced by neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser (1064 nm) device. The optical signal of light source was linked by a photodetector which was also connected with multimode fiber (MMF) by means of a fiber optical adapter. The data obtained by both sensors were then analyzed in time and frequency domain.


Key words: Fiber optical sensor, piezoelectric sensor, acoustic emission, optical breakdown, partial discharge, wavelet analysis.