International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2569

Full Length Research Paper

Simulation of precipitation variations in Iran using Kriging interpolation methods

Majid Javari
  • Majid Javari
  • College of Social Science, PayameNoor University, P. O. BOX 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 12 June 2017
  •  Accepted: 27 July 2017
  •  Published: 16 August 2017


This study estimated spatial variability of precipitation in the monthly and annual scales in Iran for the period of 1975 to 2014 in 140 stations using kriging interpolation methods. In precipitation variability analysis three procedures were used: Mann-Kendall test, Sen's slope estimator and spatial trend patterns. Results show that there are both increasing and decreasing trends in monthly precipitation in Iran. Based on the magnitude of the significant trend, there are three patterns of the significant trend (average, lower and upper) in the monthly precipitation of Iran that vary from -0.0785 mm/month in October to 0.1536 mm/month in November. As a result, in January, February, March, May, October, and December, the magnitude of negative trends and in April and November the random and positive patterns were estimated in the precipitation in 140 stations, respectively.

Key words: Spatial variations, trend variations, spatial variability, Mann-Kendall, precipitation.