International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2569

Full Length Research Paper

Hydrocarbon trapping mechanism and petrophysical analysis of Afam field, offshore Nigeria

Kehinde D. Oyeyemi
  • Kehinde D. Oyeyemi
  • Department of Physics, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ahzegbobor P. Aizebeokhai
  • Ahzegbobor P. Aizebeokhai
  • Department of Physics, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 05 February 2015
  •  Accepted: 18 March 2015
  •  Published: 16 April 2015

Abstract

The structural trapping mechanism and petrophysical attributes of Afam field, offshore Niger Delta was evaluated using 3D seismic reflection data and composite well logs data. The structure maps and seismic sections show that the anticlinal structure at the centre of the field, which is tied to the crest of the rollover structure assisted by faults, is the principal structure responsible for the hydrocarbon entrapment in the field. Distinctive fault closures are the dominant structural plays in the field. Structural highs, fault assisted closures comprising two-way closure and four-way dip closed structures are evident on the depth structure maps. Petrophysical analysis of four mapped reservoir sand horizons quantitatively revealed water saturation ranging from 3.07 to 12.02% in Well1 and 7.25 to 19.32% in Well 5; hydrocarbon saturation with range 87.98 to 96.93% (well 1), 80.68 to 92.75% (well 5). The porosity and permeability values of the reservoirs within the field proved them to be quite prolific with the porosity ranging from 24.5 to 31% (well 1), 21.25 to 28.25% (well 5) and permeability range of 2606.91 to 11,777.71 mD (well 1), 1050 to 6502.20 mD (well 5).  
 
Key words: Niger Delta, trapping mechanism, petrophysical analysis, structural highs, fault assisted closures.