This paper was written with the major objective of tracing the roots of globalization in the writings of classical thinker, more specifically in those of Adam Smith, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. The paper bases its analysis on the assumption that globalization just like other stages of capitalist development has new components, and just like any of the other stages, owes its advent to the origins of capitalism. For this reason, the paper gives more emphasis to the ideas of Karl Marx and his analysis of primitive accumulation. Results of the investigation indicate that globalization, indeed, is not a process that was unforeseen by thinkers in the classical period. An overview of the ideas of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber depicts that globalization is not a process that came to notice as a result of the end of the Cold War or â€˜the end of history!â€™ for that matter. The writings of Karl Marx, particularly point out that it owes its emergence to a seed of capitalism planted in the 15th century and that the characteristics of globalization show striking similarities with the features of capitalist development described by Marx.
Keywords: Capitalism, Classical Sociology, Globalization, Integration, Karl Marx, Primitive Accumulation