International NGO Journal

  • Abbreviation: Int. NGOJ
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8225
  • DOI: 10.5897/INGOJ
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 264

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of productive safety net program on household food security in Southern Ethiopia: Propensity score matching results

Filmon Hadaro Hando
  • Filmon Hadaro Hando
  • 1Centre for Regional and Local Development Studies, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. 2Development Studies (Specialization in Development Management), ISS/Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 10 September 2023
  •  Accepted: 18 September 2023
  •  Published: 31 October 2023


The study analyzed the impact of productive safety net program (PSNP) on household food security in drought-prone areas of Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey data were collected from 180 randomly sampled households. The study analyzed descriptive and logit econometric model data results. A propensity score matching (PSM) technique was used to estimate the inferential data results. The study findings show that the PSNP improved the food consumption status of beneficiary households as compared to that of the non-beneficiaries by improving food availability and stability of access and utilization of food. However, the impact varied with the PSNP intervention’s the household accessed. Those who participated in household asset building programs besides transfer significantly improved their food security status and assured food consumption over the drought years. Also, these households’ food stock and stability over time improved. The study concludes that the delays in resource transfers, lack of tailored support and limited coverage of households were the drawbacks to the effectiveness the program. Thus, timely transfer of safety net resources, targeting more households and locations are needed to scale up the program’s impacts in the future. Also, broader country level study is required to document PSNP impacts.


Key words: Household food security, PSNP, PSM, droughts, Ethiopia.