Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 408

Full Length Research Paper

A preliminary study of arthropod associated with carrion in Yaounde, Cameroon: A first step in forensic entomology in Central Africa

Feugang Youmessi Francis Dupont1,2*, Djieto-Lordon Champlain1, Ateba  Awona  Jean Cyrille2 and Bilong Bilong Charles Félix3
¹Université de Yaoundé I, Laboratoire de Zoologie; Cameroun. 2Délégation Générale à la Sûreté Nationale, Cameroun. 3Université de Yaoundé I, Laboratoire de Biologie Générale, Cameroun.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 April 2011
  •  Published: 30 June 2011


The first investigation of arthropods associated with carrion in Cameroon was carried out within the campus of the University of Yaounde I (Cameroon) from 17thJanuary, to 3rd April, 2006. Carcasses of rats (Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout, 1769 var WISTAR)were exposed for colonization by the local fauna of arthropods. The visiting and colonizing arthropods were collected daily during the study periods. 1980 arthropods of forensic importance belonging to 4 classes, 16 orders, 39 families and 3 subfamilies were identified. Among the insects assessed were Coleoptera: Cleridae, Curculionidae, Dermestidae, Histeridae, Mordellidae, Ptiliidae, Scarabaeidae, Silphidae, Staphylinidae (subfamily Tachyporinae), Trogidae; Dermaptera; Diptera: Anthomyiidae,  Calliphoridae, Cecidomyiidae, Culicidae, Drosophilidae, Ephydridae, Fanniidae, Heleomyzidae, Lauxaniidae, Muscidae (subfamily Phaoniinae), Phoridae, Piophilidae, Sarcophagidae, Sciaridae, Sepsidae and Sphaeroceridae; Hemiptera: Aphididae, Anthocoridae, Cicadidae; Hymenoptera: Formicidae (subfamilies Myrmicinae (genera Pheidole,Tetramorium and Monomorium), Formicinae (Paratrechina longicornis and Oecophylla longinoda) and Dolichoderinae), Braconidae, Proctotrupidae, Scelionidae, Chalcididae; Lepidoptera: Tineidae; Psocoptera; and Thysanura. Other arthropods such as Arachneida and Myriapoda (Chilopoda and Diplopoda) were also collected. This study illustrates the diversity of the cadaver fauna in Cameroon and provides an approximation of the succession pattern of arthropods associated with carrion through a field experiment (77days).


Key words: Cadaver fauna, arthropods, chronological succession, Rattus norvegicus, Calliphoridae.