Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 408

Full Length Research Paper

Avian species richness and diversity at the Dschang Municipal Lake, Cameroon: Implications of site management for conservation and ecotourism

Simon A. Tamungang
  • Simon A. Tamungang
  • University of Dschang, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Applied Biology and Ecology, P.O. Box 67, Dschang, West Region, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Taku Awa II
  • Taku Awa II
  • University of Dschang, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Applied Biology and Ecology, P.O. Box 67, Dschang, West Region, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Ngia G. Luchuo
  • Ngia G. Luchuo
  • University of Dschang, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Applied Biology and Ecology, P.O. Box 67, Dschang, West Region, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 17 July 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 September 2016
  •  Published: 30 November 2016


Adamus PR (1996). Bioindicators for Assessing Ecol. Integrity of Prairie Wetlands. U.S. Environ. Protection Agency, Office of Research and Dev. National Health and Environ. Effects Research Laboratory, Western Ecol. Division, Biodiversity Conserv - 209 pages


Avibase (2016). The world bird database. Last reviewed 2016-07-01.


Aynalem S, Bekele A (2008). Species composition, relative abundance and distribution of bird fauna of riverine and wetland habitats of Infranz and Yiganda at southern tip of Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Trop. Ecol. 49(2):199-209.


Belkayali N, Guloglu Y, Sevik H (2016). What affects perceptions of local residents toward protected areas? A case study from Kure Mountains National Park, Turkey. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol. 23(2):194-202.


Ber Van Perlo (2002). Birds of Western and Central Africa. Princeton University Press. P 384.


Bibby CJ, Burgess ND and Hill DA (1992). Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press. London. P 251.


Borrow N, Demey R (2004). Field guide to the Birds of Western Africa. Christopher Helm, an imprint of A and C black publishers Ltd, 37 Soho Square, London WID 3QZ. P 511.


Cetin M (2015). Evaluation of the sustainable tourism potential of a protected area for landscape planning: a case study of the ancient city of Pompeipolis in Kastamonu. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol. 22(6):490-495.


Cetin M, Sevik H (2016). Evaluating the recreation potential of Ilgaz Mountain National Park in Turkey. Environ. Monit. Assess. 188(1):1-10Chapman D (1996). Water Quality Assessments – A Guide to use of Biota, Sediments and Water in Environ. Monitoring. Second edition, University Press, Cambridge. P 651.


Czech B, Krausman PR, Devers PK (2000). Economic associations among causes of D. A.; Ed.; Lewis Publishers: Chelsea, MI, USA, 1989: 5-19.


European Commission (2004). Why do we need to take care of our birds? p3.


Fennell D, Weaver D (2005). The ecotourism concept and tourism conservation symbiosis. J. Sustain. Tour. 13:373-390.


Fotso RC, Dowsett-Lemaire F, Dowsett RJ, Cameroon Ornithological Club, Scholte P, Languy M, Bowden C (2001). Cameroon chapter. In: Fishpool, LDC, Evans MI. Important Birds Areas in Africa and associated Island: Priority sites for conservation. UK: Pisces


Giri B, Chalise KM (2008). Seasonal Diversity and Population Status of Waterbirds in Phewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal. J. Wetlands Ecol. 1(1/2):3-7.


Gossling S (1999). Ecotourism: a means to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem functions? Ecol. Econ. 29(1999):303-320.


Hostetler EM, Main BM (2013). Florida Monitoring Program: Transect Method for Surveying Birds. University of Florida IFAS Extension. P 11.


Ismail A, Rahman F, Zulkifli SZ (2012). Status, Composition and Diversity of Avifauna in the Artificial Putrajaya Wetlands and Comparison with its Two Neighboring Habitats. Trop. Nat. Hist. 12(2):137-145.


IUCN (2002). Red List of Threatened Species: Dryococelus australis – published in 2002.


Jannert J (2003). Restoration of Lake Östen, a wetland of international importance for migrating birds. Report by County Administration of Västra Götaland S-54285 Mariestad.


Kloskowki J, Green AJ, Polak M, Bustamante J, Krogulec J (2009). Complementary use of natural and artificial wetlands by water birds wintering in Donaana, South-west Spain. Aquat. Conserv. Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst. 19:815-826.


Lacour F, Morand F (2006). Approche sanitaire et environnementale de la mise en valeur touristique du lac municipal de Dschang. Mission Waterdev Cameroun. P 56.


Lameed GA (2011). Species diversity and abundance of wild birds in Dagona-Waterfowl Sanctuary Borno State, Nigeria. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 5(10):855-866.


Maharana I, Rai SC, Sharma E (2000). Valuing ecotourism in a sacred lake of the Sikkim Hymalaya, India. Environ. Conserv. 27(3):269-277.


Mengesha G, Mamo Y, Bekele A (2011). A comparison of terrestrial bird community structure in the undisturbed and disturbed areas of the Abijata Shalla lakes national park, Ethiopia. Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv. 3(9):389-404.


Naiman RJM, Mcknight DM, Standford JA (1995). The freshwater imperitive: A Research Agenda. Island Press, Washington DC, USA 10.


Nirmala T (2016). Food availability influences the seasonality of bird community in tropical forest, Western Ghats. Int. J. Curr. Res. Rev. 8(2):74-83.


Nimmo DG, Haslem A, Radford JQ, Hall M, Bennett AF (2015). Riparian tree cover enhances the resistance and stability of woodland bird communities during an extreme climatic event. J. Appl. Ecol. 53:449-458.


Oindo BO, De By RA, Skidmore AK (2001). Environmental factors influencing bird species diversity in Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 39:295-302.


Pavlic I, Portolan A, Butorac M (2013). Urban tourism towards sustainable development. Int. J. Multidiscip. Bus. Sci. 1(1):72-79.


Prasad PRC, Kumari JA, Mathew M, Thomas R (2012). Human-Bird Conflicts and Management Issues: A case study of Birds at Uppalapado Lake, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Zoology. Volume 2012. 


R Development Core Team (2012). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.


Serle W, Morel GJ (1977). A field guide to the Birds of West Africa. Collin. Grafton Street, London, UK. P 351.


Soka GE, Munishi PTK, Mgina BT (2013). Species diversity and abundance of Avifauna in and around Hombolo Wetland in Central Tanzania. Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv. 5(11):782-790.


Sritharan S, Burgess ND (2012). Protected area gap analysis of important bird areas in Tanzania. Afr. J. Ecol. 50: 66-76.


Stuart SN (1986). Records of other species of birds from Western Cameroon. In: Stuart SN. (eds.): Conservation of Cameroon montane forests. ICBP, Cambridge.


Tazen F, Fonteh FM, Karambiri H (2013). Gestion intégrée des ressources en eau dans le bassin versant du lac municipal de Dschang: connaissance et usages. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 7(2):840-851.


Verhoeven ATG, Beltman B, Bobbink R, Whigham FD (Eds) (2002). Wetlands and natural resource management. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006. P 365.


Williams SE, Middleton J (2007). Climatic seasonality, resource bottlenecks, and abundance of rainforest birds: Implications for global climate change. Divers. Distrib. 14(1):69-77.