Full Length Research Paper
Chikungunya is a mosquito borne disease caused by chikungunya virus (CHIKV). The virus is transmitted to human by Aedes genus mosquitoes. Transmission cycles of CHIKV can be man - mosquito - man (urban cycle) or animal - mosquito - man (sylvatic cycle). Sylvatic transmission cycle of CHIKV has been described in Africa and may play a role in re-emergence of CHIKV infection. In Malaysia, CHIKV- neutralizing antibodies have been detected among wild monkeys in mid 1960s but so far CHIKV has never been isolated in monkeys.
Key words: Chikungunya virus, sylvatic cycle, non human primates, CHIKV genotypes.
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