Journal of
Infectious Diseases and Immunity

  • Abbreviation: J. Infect. Dis. Immun.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2375
  • DOI: 10.5897/JIDI
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 87

Full Length Research Paper

H1N1 virus and sport, risks of transmission and methods of prevention

Hakami Mahmoud1*, Akalan Cengiz2, Ghorbanzadeh Behrouz2 and Karimkhanlouei Ghiti3
1Department of Physical Education, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran. 2Faculty of Physical Education, Ankara University, Turkey. 3Department of English Language, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Published: 31 July 2011


The relationship between sport-related physical activity and H1N1 virus can be studied from many perspectives including: 1) The high risk of transmission of H1N1 virus in athletes contact and collision sports and also those who live in or travel to endemic regions, and participate in exercise and competition groups; 2) Useful role of exercise and physical activity in high-risk individuals for H1N1 (metabolic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and obesity); 3)Improvement of immune system against infectious diseases by moderate exercise and physical activity. Therefore, prevention should be focused on vaccination, increasing physical fitness and hygiene in sport and non-sport environments especially in high-risk individuals.


Key words: H1N1, sport-related physical activity, immune system, metabolic diseases.