This paper attempted to establish the influence of communication in human resource management and its compliance with culture in Nigeria educational system. To achieve this, three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study based on a correlational design. The population of the study included all principals and teachers for public secondary schools in Delta State. Form the existing 265 schools, the researcher sampled 54 (20%) principals/schools, and 335(5%) teachers were selected through simple random sampling technique. An instrument was constructed to gather data in the study on communication and human resource management in a particular cultural setting. The instrument was validated and found reliable. Data generated were analyzed with Pearson ‘r’ statistic. The result of the findings revealed that human resources management undergoes different form of training and development by way of effective communication. The results also revealed that there is a significant relationship between principals and teachers’ perceptions of communication and human resources management and their compliance with culture in terms of staff recruitment, training and development in Nigerian educational system. The researcher therefore recommended that human resource in schools that are not trained professionals, for lack of effective communication, should be advised to go for further training to develop skills which depend on effective communication in a particular cultural setting and by way of improving the efficiency of human resources and the ability to communicate a suitable cooperate culture. Since culture is not static and communication is not a purely inborn ability; it is necessary therefore to develop them.
Key words: Communication, human resources management, cultural settings, educational institutions, Nigeria.
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