Journal of
Languages and Culture

  • Abbreviation: J. Lang. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6540
  • DOI: 10.5897/JLC
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 132


Ancient Koreans’ petition to God in Tcheonzamun: The thousand character essay poem (641st to 656th letters)

Hyeonhi, R. Park
  • Hyeonhi, R. Park
  • Department of Elderly Care and Welfare, Joongbu University, Kumsan, Republic of Korea, South Korea.
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Jieun, A. Kim
  • Jieun, A. Kim
  • Department of Economics, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.
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Kunjoo, D.A. Kim
  • Kunjoo, D.A. Kim
  • FarmHannong, LG Chemicals, Seoul, South Korea.
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Jiah, A. Kim
  • Jiah, A. Kim
  • Départment d'Expertise Economique, Université de Paris-Est Creteil, Paris, France.
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Sohwa, T. Kim
  • Sohwa, T. Kim
  • Department of French Language and Literature, Seoul Women's University, Seoul, South Korea.
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Rosa Kim
  • Rosa Kim
  • L'Ambassade de la République de Corée en Cote d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.
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Alain Hamon
  • Alain Hamon
  • L'Ecole Internationale Jean-Mermoz, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.
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Nicolas Tenaillon
  • Nicolas Tenaillon
  • Faculté de Théologie, Université Catholique de Lille, Lille, France.
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Sangdeog, A. Kim
  • Sangdeog, A. Kim
  • Department of Companion Animal and Animal Resources Science, Joongbu University, Kumsan, South Korea.
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  •  Received: 28 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 16 April 2017
  •  Published: 30 June 2017


Arnold M (25 march 2017). Sohrab And Rustum - Poem by Matthew Arnold. 



Chung IB (2013). Choseonsa Yeonku (Study of Korean History) (Edited by SJ Moon). Korea History Foundation. Seoul. 2:20-959.


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Dogn A Tchulpansa Pyonzibbu (Editors of Dong-A Publishing Company) (1988). DongA Master KugEo Sazeon(DongA Master Korean Dictionary). DongA publishing Company. Seoul. P 673.


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Kangxizidian (1716). Edited by Zhonghua Book Company in 2013. Beijing. P 1201.


Kim JJ (2002). HanSeogBong Tcheonzamun. Eunkwang Publishing company. Seoul. pp. 1-52.


Park HR, Kim SA (31 May 2012). Atchim Ilzigbuteo Ileona Anzayaziyo (You must get up early).


Park HR, Kim SA (30 April 2017). An E-mail letter from Rosa on the night when we returned from Japan journey (The sorrowful voices of Tcheonzamun's author in a Tcheonzamun poem and the petition of ancient Koreans to God). 


Park HR, Kim SA (3 October 2016). One thousand won (1 dollar) a month to our children as encouragement for their foreign language study ("The Lord see our behavior beside us!").


Park HR, Kim SA (2017). Don't be an idiot! Fight! with the apparent title of 'you must write it on your words as historical records by your own hand' – Translation of the poem on Tcheonzamun(the book of 'The Thousand Character Essay') from 673rd to 688th both by using Chinese characters and through Korean pronunciation. J. Lang. Cult. 8(3): 24-27.


Sturman N (2015). The Thousand Character Essay (in Mandarin Qian Zi Wen. 



Zhongguo Shehui Kexueyuan Yuyan Yanjiusuo Cidian Bianjishi (1994). (Editors of Zhongguo Social Science Language Institute) Xiandai Hanyu Cidian. Shangwu Yinshuguan. Beijing. P 802.