Journal of
Languages and Culture

  • Abbreviation: J. Lang. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6540
  • DOI: 10.5897/JLC
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 130

Full Length Research Paper

A morphological analysis of Joss paper image in Taiwan - A case study of Fu Lu Shou

Ching Yang
  • Ching Yang
  • Department of Graduate School of Industrial Design, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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Tsai-Ching Tsai
  • Tsai-Ching Tsai
  • Hualien Prison, Agency of Corrections, Ministry of Justice, Hualien, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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Ming-Chuen Chuang
  • Ming-Chuen Chuang
  • Institute of Applied Arts, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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  •  Received: 27 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 21 November 2015
  •  Published: 29 February 2016


Chang J (1996). The art of gold/silver papers. Miaoli: Miaoli County Government, pp. 154-163.


Feng Y (2005). The record of what Mr. Feng sees and hears, collated No.10. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company.


Lin YB (2003). A study on the iconograph of ritual bill in Taiwan. Thesis of Graduate School of Applied Arts & Design in Shu-Te University.


Pan YS (1991). Folk graphic print. Taipei: Council for Cultural Affairs, Executive Yuan.


Shih JL (2004). The study on ritual bill in Tainan City. Thesis of Graduate Institute of Taiwan Culture in National University of Tainan.


Sung K (2003). Chinese decoration and their symbolic meanings. Taipei: National Museum of History. pp. 23-24.


Yeh KS, Chang HM (1991). Basic composition of graphic design. Taipei: Yi Fong Tang publisher. pp. 124-125.