Journal of
Languages and Culture

  • Abbreviation: J. Lang. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6540
  • DOI: 10.5897/JLC
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 132


Standing straight with the title, ‘As this miserable and fungus-like small plant becomes a big and favourite tree’ adapted from the Tcheonzamun poem (753rd to 768th)

Hyeonhi R. Park
  • Hyeonhi R. Park
  • Department of Elderly Care and Welfare, Joongbu University, Kumsan, Republic of Korea.
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Jieun A. Kim
  • Jieun A. Kim
  • Department of Economics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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Kunjoo D. A. Kim
  • Kunjoo D. A. Kim
  • FarmHannong, LG Chemicals, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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Jiah A. Kim
  • Jiah A. Kim
  • Départment d’Expertise economique, Université de Paris-Est Creteil, Paris, France.
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Sohwa T. Kim
  • Sohwa T. Kim
  • Department of French language and Literature, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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Rosa Kim
  • Rosa Kim
  • L’Ambassade de la République de Corée en Cote d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire.
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Alain Hamon
  • Alain Hamon
  • L’Ecole Internationale Jean-Mermoz, Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire.
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Sangdeog A. Kim
  • Sangdeog A. Kim
  • Department of Companion Animal and Animal Resources Science, Joongbu University, Kumsan, Republic of Korea.
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  •  Received: 30 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 06 July 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2018


Chung IB (2012). Choseonsa Yeonku (Study of Korean History) (Edited by SJ Moon). Korea History Foundation. Seoul. 1:5-847.


Dallet CH (1874). Histoire de l'Eglise de Corée (History of Korean Catholic Church). Victor Palme. Paris. France. pp. 11-99.


Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. and The Dong-A Ilbo (The Dong-A Media Group) (1997). Britannica World Encyclopaedia. 10:587.


Fairbank JK, Reischauer EO (1978). China-Tradition and Transformation. Havard University. Houghton Mifflin Company. pp. 17-32


Haekeosseui KY (2016). Haekeosseui Kongmuwon Hankuksa (Korean history by Haekeosseui Kongmuwon). Tchaemp Study. Seoul. pp. 32-33.


Kim JJ (2002). HanSeogBong Tcheonzamun. Eunkwang Publishing Company. Seoul. pp. 1-52.


Kim SA, Park HR, Kim JA(1), Kim KDA, Kim JA(2), Kim R, Kim ST (2013). Jiah Annaga Kotchyeosseun Seomun (The introduction which was corrected by Jiah Anna).


Kim SA, Park HR (2016). Uri IlSoo Josheph Abuzi Saenggag 18(Uri Minzogeui Gussen Iyagi - Tcheonzamun [Remember of my father Ilsoo Joseph 18 (Tcheonzamun is a story of our tolerant ancestors)]. 


Kim SA, Park HR (2017). Tcheolbuzi ("Naneun Dangsini Azu Areumdaun Yeoseongi Doigireul, Ddohan Naneun Dangsini Azu Hwalzzak Dangsin Ggumeul Pyeoltchineun Namseongi Doigireul Kidohago Isseoyo. Keureogge Doieozugireul Barago Isseoyo!") [Person of immature judgement ("I pray for you that you may become a man well developed and a woman in full bloom beautifully!")]. 


Park HR, Kim SA (2013). Nae Maeumeul Kibbeuge Mandeullyeogeodeun Haneunim Maeumeul Kibbeusige Haedeuryeora – Uri YeongHag Abuzi Deogbunieorau ! (If you want to make your mind happy, you must make the Lord's mind pleasant – It is the grace of our father YeongHag Park !). 


Park HR, Kim JA(1), Kim KDA, Kim JA(2), Kim ST, Hamon A, Kim R, Kim SA. (2017). Tcheonzamun author's prayer to God: "Save our lives, Lord!" (737th to 752nd characters). J. Lang. Cult. 8(6):75-78.


Park HR, Kim SA (2016a). Naega Nareul Baborago Saengkaghamyeon (Tcheonzamuneun Uri Keulibnida. Zungkug Keuli Anigoyo). [If I think that I were fool (Tcheonzamun-the book of 'The Thousand Character Essay'- is not Chinese writing but our Korean writing.)]. 


Park HR, Kim SA (2012). Atchim Ilzigbuteo Ileona Anzayaziyo (You must get up early in the morning). 


Park HR, Kim SA (2015). Zarangseureon Hankugeui Ddal Annaya! (Namdeulege Yogeul Bagaziro Eoteomeogeul Zeongdoro Motdoin Sarami Itgeona Ddoneun Azu Himdeun Zottchi Aneun Ili Ileonal Ddaee) [Our daughter Anna, our pride! (When there is near to you a very bad man who used to get lots of critics from other persons, or when there occurs a very bad thing to you.)]. 


Park HR, Kim SA (2016b). Uriga Ilbon Yeohaengeul Danyeoon Nal Zeonyeog Rosaga Bonaezun Keul ("Zunim Tcheonzamune Urinara Iyagiga Nawayo! - Tcheonzamun Zeozaeui Aezeolhan Zeolgyuyo!") [An E-mail letter from Rosa on the night when we returned from Japan journey (The sorrowful voices of Tcheonzamun's author in a Tcheonzamun poem and the petition of ancient Koreans to God)]. 


Park HR, Kim SA (2016c). Wolsageum 1000 won ("Haneunimggeseo Urireul Yeopeseo Barabogo Kyesinda!") [One thousand won(1 dollar) a month to our children as encouragement for their foreign language study ("The Lord see our behavior beside us!")]. 


Reischauer EO, Fairbank JK (1972). A history of East Asian civilization (volume one). East Asia, The great tradition. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Inc. Tokyo. pp.1-449.


Sturman N (2009). The Thousand Character Essay (in Mandarin Qian Zi Wen). (Edited by Cambridge Chinese Classics, UK (United Kingdom). Source: (31 July, 2017). Hankugminzogmunhwa Daebaegkwa Sazeon (The Big Dictionary of Korean Traditional Culture).


Zhang SN (1716). Kangxizidian (Edited by Zhonghua Book Company in 2013). Beijing. pp. 1200-1201.