Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 651

Full Length Research Paper

Cancer survival in Brazil: Estimate through the mortality to incidence ratio

Rejane de Souza Reis
  • Rejane de Souza Reis
  • Fundação do Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff
  • Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff
  • Fundação do Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 18 April 2018
  •  Accepted: 14 June 2018
  •  Published: 31 August 2018


Information about cancer incidence, mortality and survival is one of the pillars for disease monitoring. In Brazil, only a few studies show population-based survival. The mortality to incidence ratio (M:I) is an indirect measure of cancer survival and can be used to estimate a population cancer survival. To calculate the mortality to incidence ratios (M:I), an official information for incidence and mortality rates in Brazil during 2002 to 2014 was used. A complement to the age-adjusted cancer mortality to incidence ratios [1-(M:I)] as a 5-year survival estimate for all cancers, excluding non-melanoma skin, breast, lung, prostate, cervical, colo-rectal and stomach cancers were calculated. The median survival estimate for all tumors was 52% for males and 56% for females. The lowest survival estimates, in both sexes, can be observed in North and Northeast regions for lung and stomach cancer. For colo-rectal cancer, the survival estimates were similar for both sexes, varying between 50 and 65%. Prostate and breast cancer had the highest survival estimates (79 and 74%, respectively). The survival estimate for cervical cancer in Brazil was 64%. Despite the limitation, the study showed that the methodology can be a simple predictor for calculating 5-year survival rates.         

Key words: Brazil, incidence, mortality, neoplasm, survival.