Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

Full Length Research Paper

Modifiable lifestyle factors and their relationships with metabolic disorders among adults in Burkina Faso: Findings from the First National Survey

Jeoffray Diendere
  • Jeoffray Diendere
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Jean Kabore
  • Jean Kabore
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Augustin Nawidimbasba Zeba
  • Augustin Nawidimbasba Zeba
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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William Kofi Bosu
  • William Kofi Bosu
  • Department of Public Health and Research, West African Health Organisation (WAHO), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.
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Jerome Winbetourefa Some
  • Jerome Winbetourefa Some
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Franck Garanet
  • Franck Garanet
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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Pingdewende Victor Ouedraogo
  • Pingdewende Victor Ouedraogo
  • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sourô SANOU, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.
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Abdoul Aziz Savadogo
  • Abdoul Aziz Savadogo
  • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sourô SANOU, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.
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Athanase Millogo
  • Athanase Millogo
  • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sourô SANOU, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 30 December 2022
  •  Accepted: 28 June 2023
  •  Published: 31 July 2023

Abstract

Modifiable lifestyle factors should primarily be targeted for the cardiovascular diseases’ prevention. This study aimed to report the magnitude of modifiable lifestyle factors, their relationships with metabolic disorders in Burkinabè adults using nationally representative data. This cross-sectional study included 4100 adults selected through multistage cluster sampling performed during the first national survey conducted in Burkina Faso. The modifiable factors considered were tooth cleaning, fruit and/or vegetable (FV) intake, substances’ use, physical activity and overweight/obesity, while metabolic syndrome abnormal components defined metabolic disorders. We performed logistic regressions. 31.1% cleaned the teeth at least twice a day, 4.9% consumed five or more FV, 39.7% used alcohol and/or tobacco, the prevalence of physical inactivity and overweight/obesity was, respectively 6.6 and 17.7%. About 41.0% had at least two metabolic disorders and 9.5% had at least three. Lifestyle factors associated with having at least two metabolic disorders were overweight/obesity, more FV intake (when five or more aOR=1.7, p<0.001), physical inactivity (aOR=1.3, p<0.05), and tooth cleaning (aOR=0.8, p<0.01). The same trend of relationships was observed with having at least three metabolic disorders. Excluding overweight/obesity and physical inactivity, unhealthy modifiable lifestyle factors were common and tooth cleaning was found as a protective practice for metabolic disorders.

Key words:  Modifiable lifestyle factors, metabolic disorders, prevalence, relationships, Burkina Faso.